Imaging of Small Animal Peripheral Artery Disease Models: Recent Advancements and Translational Potential
AbstractPeripheral artery disease (PAD) is a broad disorder encompassing multiple forms of arterial disease outside of the heart. As such, PAD development is a multifactorial process with a variety of manifestations. For example, aneurysms are pathological expansions of an artery that can lead to rupture, while ischemic atherosclerosis reduces blood flow, increasing the risk of claudication, poor wound healing, limb amputation, and stroke. Current PAD treatment is often ineffective or associated with serious risks, largely because these disorders are commonly undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Active areas of research are focused on detecting and characterizing deleterious arterial changes at early stages using non-invasive imaging strategies, such as ultrasound, as well as emerging technologies like photoacoustic imaging. Earlier disease detection and characterization could improve interventional strategies, leading to better prognosis in PAD patients. While rodents are being used to investigate PAD pathophysiology, imaging of these animal models has been underutilized. This review focuses on structural and molecular information and disease progression revealed by recent imaging efforts of aortic, cerebral, and peripheral vascular disease models in mice, rats, and rabbits. Effective translation to humans involves better understanding of underlying PAD pathophysiology to develop novel therapeutics and apply non-invasive imaging techniques in the clinic. View Full-Text
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Lin, J.B.; Phillips, E.H.; Riggins, T.E.; Sangha, G.S.; Chakraborty, S.; Lee, J.Y.; Lycke, R.J.; Hernandez, C.L.; Soepriatna, A.H.; Thorne, B.R.H.; Yrineo, A.A.; Goergen, C.J. Imaging of Small Animal Peripheral Artery Disease Models: Recent Advancements and Translational Potential. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 11131-11177.
Lin JB, Phillips EH, Riggins TE, Sangha GS, Chakraborty S, Lee JY, Lycke RJ, Hernandez CL, Soepriatna AH, Thorne BRH, Yrineo AA, Goergen CJ. Imaging of Small Animal Peripheral Artery Disease Models: Recent Advancements and Translational Potential. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(5):11131-11177.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lin, Jenny B.; Phillips, Evan H.; Riggins, Ti'Air E.; Sangha, Gurneet S.; Chakraborty, Sreyashi; Lee, Janice Y.; Lycke, Roy J.; Hernandez, Clarissa L.; Soepriatna, Arvin H.; Thorne, Bradford R.H.; Yrineo, Alexa A.; Goergen, Craig J. 2015. "Imaging of Small Animal Peripheral Artery Disease Models: Recent Advancements and Translational Potential." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 5: 11131-11177.