Redox Roles of Reactive Oxygen Species in Cardiovascular Diseases
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD), a major cause of mortality in the world, has been extensively studied over the past decade. However, the exact mechanism underlying its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a pivotal role in the progression of CVD. Particularly, ROS are commonly engaged in developing typical characteristics of atherosclerosis, one of the dominant CVDs. This review will discuss the involvement of ROS in atherosclerosis, specifically their effect on inflammation, disturbed blood flow and arterial wall remodeling. Pharmacological interventions target ROS in order to alleviate oxidative stress and CVD symptoms, yet results are varied due to the paradoxical role of ROS in CVD. Lack of effectiveness in clinical trials suggests that understanding the exact role of ROS in the pathophysiology of CVD and developing novel treatments, such as antioxidant gene therapy and nanotechnology-related antioxidant delivery, could provide a therapeutic advance in treating CVDs. While genetic therapies focusing on specific antioxidant expression seem promising in CVD treatments, multiple technological challenges exist precluding its immediate clinical applications. View Full-Text
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He, F.; Zuo, L. Redox Roles of Reactive Oxygen Species in Cardiovascular Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 27770-27780.
He F, Zuo L. Redox Roles of Reactive Oxygen Species in Cardiovascular Diseases. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(11):27770-27780.Chicago/Turabian Style
He, Feng; Zuo, Li. 2015. "Redox Roles of Reactive Oxygen Species in Cardiovascular Diseases." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 11: 27770-27780.