Next Article in Journal
Tug of War between Survival and Death: Exploring ATM Function in Cancer
Previous Article in Journal
Seed-Specific Expression of a Lysine-Rich Protein Gene, GhLRP, from Cotton Significantly Increases the Lysine Content in Maize Seeds
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(4), 5366-5387;

Searching for the Perfect Wave: The Effect of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields on Cells

Institute of Clinical Physiology, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Siena, Strada Petriccio e Belriguardo, Siena 53100, Italy
The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, Pisa 56025, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2013 / Revised: 17 January 2014 / Accepted: 20 March 2014 / Published: 27 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [263 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


There is a growing concern in the population about the effects that environmental exposure to any source of “uncontrolled” radiation may have on public health. Anxiety arises from the controversial knowledge about the effect of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure to cells and organisms but most of all concerning the possible causal relation to human diseases. Here we reviewed those in vitro and in vivo and epidemiological works that gave a new insight about the effect of radio frequency (RF) exposure, relating to intracellular molecular pathways that lead to biological and functional outcomes. It appears that a thorough application of standardized protocols is the key to reliable data acquisition and interpretation that could contribute a clearer picture for scientists and lay public. Moreover, specific tuning of experimental and clinical RF exposure might lead to beneficial health effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: radio frequencies; neurodegeneration; radiotoxicity; cancer radio frequencies; neurodegeneration; radiotoxicity; cancer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gherardini, L.; Ciuti, G.; Tognarelli, S.; Cinti, C. Searching for the Perfect Wave: The Effect of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields on Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 5366-5387.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top