Next Article in Journal
Effects of Rice Bran Oil on the Intestinal Microbiota and Metabolism of Isoflavones in Adult Mice
Next Article in Special Issue
Dual Targeting and Retrograde Translocation: Regulators of Plant Nuclear Gene Expression Can Be Sequestered by Plastids
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Characterization of Total Flavonol Glycosides and Terpene Lactones at Different Ages, from Different Cultivation Sources and Genders of Ginkgo biloba Leaves
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Opuntia streptacantha OpsHSP18 Gene Confers Salt and Osmotic Stress Tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana
Open AccessReview

Molecular Tools for Exploring Polyploid Genomes in Plants

Department of Soil, Plant, Environmental and Animal Production Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università 100, Portici 80055, Italy
Department of Applied Biology, University of Perugia, Borgo XX Giugno 74, Perugia 06121, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(8), 10316-10335;
Received: 27 June 2012 / Revised: 3 August 2012 / Accepted: 6 August 2012 / Published: 17 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Plant Biology)
Polyploidy is a very common phenomenon in the plant kingdom, where even diploid species are often described as paleopolyploids. The polyploid condition may bring about several advantages compared to the diploid state. Polyploids often show phenotypes that are not present in their diploid progenitors or exceed the range of the contributing species. Some of these traits may play a role in heterosis or could favor adaptation to new ecological niches. Advances in genomics and sequencing technology may create unprecedented opportunities for discovering and monitoring the molecular effects of polyploidization. Through this review, we provide an overview of technologies and strategies that may allow an in-depth analysis of polyploid genomes. After introducing some basic aspects on the origin and genetics of polyploids, we highlight the main tools available for genome and gene expression analysis and summarize major findings. In the last part of this review, the implications of next generation sequencing are briefly discussed. The accumulation of knowledge on polyploid formation, maintenance, and divergence at whole-genome and subgenome levels will not only help plant biologists to understand how plants have evolved and diversified, but also assist plant breeders in designing new strategies for crop improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: genome doubling; molecular markers; microarrays; gene expression; next generation sequencing; transcriptomics genome doubling; molecular markers; microarrays; gene expression; next generation sequencing; transcriptomics
MDPI and ACS Style

Aversano, R.; Ercolano, M.R.; Caruso, I.; Fasano, C.; Rosellini, D.; Carputo, D. Molecular Tools for Exploring Polyploid Genomes in Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 10316-10335.

AMA Style

Aversano R, Ercolano MR, Caruso I, Fasano C, Rosellini D, Carputo D. Molecular Tools for Exploring Polyploid Genomes in Plants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(8):10316-10335.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aversano, Riccardo; Ercolano, Maria Raffaella; Caruso, Immacolata; Fasano, Carlo; Rosellini, Daniele; Carputo, Domenico. 2012. "Molecular Tools for Exploring Polyploid Genomes in Plants" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 8: 10316-10335.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop