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Green Aspects of Techniques for the Determination of Currently Used Pesticides in Environmental Samples

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza Street 11/12, Gdansk 80-233, Poland
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(11), 7785-7805; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12117785
Received: 30 August 2011 / Revised: 25 October 2011 / Accepted: 4 November 2011 / Published: 10 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Chemistry 2011)
Pesticides are among the most dangerous environmental pollutants because of their stability, mobility and long-term effects on living organisms. Their presence in the environment is a particular danger. It is therefore crucial to monitor pesticide residues using all available analytical methods. The analysis of environmental samples for the presence of pesticides is very difficult: the processes involved in sample preparation are labor-intensive and time-consuming. To date, it has been standard practice to use large quantities of organic solvents in the sample preparation process; but as these solvents are themselves hazardous, solvent-less and solvent-minimized techniques are becoming popular. The application of Green Chemistry principles to sample preparation is primarily leading to the miniaturization of procedures and the use of solvent-less techniques, and these are discussed in the paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticides; environment; sustainable development; sample preparation; green analytical chemistry pesticides; environment; sustainable development; sample preparation; green analytical chemistry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stocka, J.; Tankiewicz, M.; Biziuk, M.; Namieśnik, J. Green Aspects of Techniques for the Determination of Currently Used Pesticides in Environmental Samples. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 7785-7805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12117785

AMA Style

Stocka J, Tankiewicz M, Biziuk M, Namieśnik J. Green Aspects of Techniques for the Determination of Currently Used Pesticides in Environmental Samples. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(11):7785-7805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12117785

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stocka, Jolanta; Tankiewicz, Maciej; Biziuk, Marek; Namieśnik, Jacek. 2011. "Green Aspects of Techniques for the Determination of Currently Used Pesticides in Environmental Samples" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 11: 7785-7805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12117785

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