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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(4), 1580-1678;

Dental Implant Systems

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Syracuse University, Syracuse NY 13244, USA
Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University 34093, Capa Istanbul, Turkey
Current address: Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 February 2010 / Revised: 28 March 2010 / Accepted: 30 March 2010 / Published: 12 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Materials)
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Among various dental materials and their successful applications, a dental implant is a good example of the integrated system of science and technology involved in multiple disciplines including surface chemistry and physics, biomechanics, from macro-scale to nano-scale manufacturing technologies and surface engineering. As many other dental materials and devices, there are crucial requirements taken upon on dental implants systems, since surface of dental implants is directly in contact with vital hard/soft tissue and is subjected to chemical as well as mechanical bio-environments. Such requirements should, at least, include biological compatibility, mechanical compatibility, and morphological compatibility to surrounding vital tissues. In this review, based on carefully selected about 500 published articles, these requirements plus MRI compatibility are firstly reviewed, followed by surface texturing methods in details. Normally dental implants are placed to lost tooth/teeth location(s) in adult patients whose skeleton and bony growth have already completed. However, there are some controversial issues for placing dental implants in growing patients. This point has been, in most of dental articles, overlooked. This review, therefore, throws a deliberate sight on this point. Concluding this review, we are proposing a novel implant system that integrates materials science and up-dated surface technology to improve dental implant systems exhibiting bio- and mechano-functionalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: titanium materials; dental implant system; compatibility; surface engineering; gradual functional materials titanium materials; dental implant system; compatibility; surface engineering; gradual functional materials

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Oshida, Y.; Tuna, E.B.; Aktören, O.; Gençay, K. Dental Implant Systems. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 1580-1678.

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