Next Article in Journal
Theoretical Investigation of the NO3 Radical Addition to Double Bonds of Limonene
Next Article in Special Issue
Anaerobic Biodegradation Tests of Poly(lactic acid) under Mesophilic and Thermophilic Conditions Using a New Evaluation System for Methane Fermentation in Anaerobic Sludge
Previous Article in Journal
Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Centella asiatica (L) Urb.
Previous Article in Special Issue
13C-NMR Assessment of the Pattern of Organic Matter Transformation during Domestic Wastewater Treatment by Autothermal Aerobic Digestion (ATAD)
Open AccessReview

Biodegradability of Plastics

1
Okinawa Industrial Technology Center/12-2 Suzaki, Uruma, Okinawa 904-2234, Japan
2
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)/Tsukuba Central 6, Higashi, Tsukuba Ibaraki 305- 8566, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(9), 3722-3742; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms10093722
Received: 5 August 2009 / Revised: 21 August 2009 / Accepted: 25 August 2009 / Published: 26 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradability of Materials)
Plastic is a broad name given to different polymers with high molecular weight, which can be degraded by various processes. However, considering their abundance in the environment and their specificity in attacking plastics, biodegradation of plastics by microorganisms and enzymes seems to be the most effective process. When plastics are used as substrates for microorganisms, evaluation of their biodegradability should not only be based on their chemical structure, but also on their physical properties (melting point, glass transition temperature, crystallinity, storage modulus etc.). In this review, microbial and enzymatic biodegradation of plastics and some factors that affect their biodegradability are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: aliphatic polyesters; bio-based plastics; biodegradability; enzymatic degradation; microbial degradation aliphatic polyesters; bio-based plastics; biodegradability; enzymatic degradation; microbial degradation
MDPI and ACS Style

Tokiwa, Y.; Calabia, B.P.; Ugwu, C.U.; Aiba, S. Biodegradability of Plastics. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 3722-3742.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop