Next Article in Journal
The Carboxyl Functionalized UiO-66-(COOH)2 for Selective Adsorption of Sr2+
Next Article in Special Issue
Quality Related Safety Evaluation of a South African Traditional Formulation (PHELA®) as Novel Anti-Biofilm Candidate
Previous Article in Journal
Piceatannol Protects Brain Endothelial Cell Line (bEnd.3) against Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammation and Oxidative Stress
Previous Article in Special Issue
Overview of the Biological Activity of Anthraquinons and Flavanoids of the Plant Rumex Species
 
 
Review

The Current State of Knowledge on Salvia hispanica and Salviae hispanicae semen (Chia Seeds)

1
Chair and Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Jagiellonian University Medical College, ul. Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Lublin, Chodźki 4a St., 20-093 Lublin, Poland
3
Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science and Health Sciences in Lublin, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, ul. Konstantynów 1 H, 20-708 Lublin, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Cacciola
Molecules 2022, 27(4), 1207; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041207
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 1 February 2022 / Accepted: 2 February 2022 / Published: 11 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Activities of Natural Products II)
Chia seeds (Salviae hispanicae semen) are obtained from Salvia hispanica L. This raw material is distinguished by its rich chemical composition and valuable nutritional properties. It is currently referred to as “health food”. The purpose of the present work was to perform a literature review on S. hispanica and chia seeds, focusing on their chemical composition, biological properties, dietary importance, and medicinal uses. The valuable biological properties of chia seeds are related to their rich chemical composition, with particularly high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, essential amino acids, polyphenols, as well as vitamins and bioelements. The available scientific literature indicates the cardioprotective, hypotensive, antidiabetic, and antiatherosclerotic effects of this raw material. In addition, studies based on in vitro assays and animal and human models have proven that chia seeds are characterized by neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. These properties indicate a valuable role of chia in the prevention of civilization diseases. Chia seeds are increasingly popular in functional food and cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. That is attributed not only to their desirable chemical composition and biological activity but also to their high availability. Nevertheless, S. hispanica is also the object of specific biotechnological studies aimed at elaboration of micropropagation protocols of this plant species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salvia hispanica; chia; chia seeds; essential fatty acids; essential amino acids; biological activity; medicinal uses; cosmetological application; functional food Salvia hispanica; chia; chia seeds; essential fatty acids; essential amino acids; biological activity; medicinal uses; cosmetological application; functional food
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Motyka, S.; Koc, K.; Ekiert, H.; Blicharska, E.; Czarnek, K.; Szopa, A. The Current State of Knowledge on Salvia hispanica and Salviae hispanicae semen (Chia Seeds). Molecules 2022, 27, 1207. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041207

AMA Style

Motyka S, Koc K, Ekiert H, Blicharska E, Czarnek K, Szopa A. The Current State of Knowledge on Salvia hispanica and Salviae hispanicae semen (Chia Seeds). Molecules. 2022; 27(4):1207. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041207

Chicago/Turabian Style

Motyka, Sara, Katarzyna Koc, Halina Ekiert, Eliza Blicharska, Katarzyna Czarnek, and Agnieszka Szopa. 2022. "The Current State of Knowledge on Salvia hispanica and Salviae hispanicae semen (Chia Seeds)" Molecules 27, no. 4: 1207. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041207

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop