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Article

Development of Antimicrobial Stapled Peptides Based on Magainin 2 Sequence

1
Division of Organic Chemistry, National Institute of Health Sciences, 3-25-26, Tonomachi, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 210-9501, Japan
2
Graduate School of medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045, Japan
3
Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-6 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul Robert Hansen and Henrik Franzyk
Molecules 2021, 26(2), 444; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020444
Received: 24 December 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 16 January 2021
Magainin 2 (Mag2), which was isolated from the skin of the African clawed frog, is a representative antimicrobial peptide (AMP) that exerts antimicrobial activity via microbial membrane disruption. It has been reported that the helicity and amphipathicity of Mag2 play important roles in its antimicrobial activity. We investigated and recently reported that 17 amino acid residues of Mag2 are required for its antimicrobial activity, and accordingly developed antimicrobial foldamers containing α,α-disubstituted amino acid residues. In this study, we further designed and synthesized a set of Mag2 derivatives bearing the hydrocarbon stapling side chain for helix stabilization. The preferred secondary structures, antimicrobial activities, and cell-membrane disruption activities of the synthesized peptides were evaluated. Our analyses revealed that hydrocarbon stapling strongly stabilized the helical structure of the peptides and enhanced their antimicrobial activity. Moreover, peptide 2 stapling between the first and fifth position from the N-terminus showed higher antimicrobial activity than that of Mag2 against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria without exerting significant hemolytic activity. To investigate the modes of action of tested peptides 2 and 8 in antimicrobial and hemolytic activity, electrophysiological measurements were performed. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial peptides; magainin 2; stapled peptide; helical structure; amphipathicity antimicrobial peptides; magainin 2; stapled peptide; helical structure; amphipathicity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hirano, M.; Saito, C.; Yokoo, H.; Goto, C.; Kawano, R.; Misawa, T.; Demizu, Y. Development of Antimicrobial Stapled Peptides Based on Magainin 2 Sequence. Molecules 2021, 26, 444. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020444

AMA Style

Hirano M, Saito C, Yokoo H, Goto C, Kawano R, Misawa T, Demizu Y. Development of Antimicrobial Stapled Peptides Based on Magainin 2 Sequence. Molecules. 2021; 26(2):444. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020444

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hirano, Motoharu, Chihiro Saito, Hidetomo Yokoo, Chihiro Goto, Ryuji Kawano, Takashi Misawa, and Yosuke Demizu. 2021. "Development of Antimicrobial Stapled Peptides Based on Magainin 2 Sequence" Molecules 26, no. 2: 444. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020444

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