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Bacterial Nanocellulose in Dentistry: Perspectives and Challenges

1
BioSmart Nanotechnology, LTDA, Av. Jorge Fernandes de São Mattos, 311, Incubadora Municipal de Araraquara, Araraquara, SP 14808-162, Brazil
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Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
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Laboratório de Biopolímeros e Biomateriais, University of Araraquara, UNIARA, Rua Carlos Gomes, 1217-Centro, Araraquara, SP 14801-340, Brazil
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UNLP Departamento de Química, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Buenos Aires CP1900, Argentina
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Institute of Chemistry, São Paulo State University-Unesp-Rua Professor Francisco Degni, Araraquara, SP 14800-060, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current affiliation: Max Planck Laboratory of Structural Biology, Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics of Rosario (MPLbioR, UNR-MPIbpC), Rosario S2002LRK, Argentina.
Molecules 2021, 26(1), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010049
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 13 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellulose Nanomaterials: Production and Applications)
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural polymer that has fascinating attributes, such as biocompatibility, low cost, and ease of processing, being considered a very interesting biomaterial due to its options for moldability and combination. Thus, BC-based compounds (for example, BC/collagen, BC/gelatin, BC/fibroin, BC/chitosan, etc.) have improved properties and/or functionality, allowing for various biomedical applications, such as artificial blood vessels and microvessels, artificial skin, and wounds dressing among others. Despite the wide applicability in biomedicine and tissue engineering, there is a lack of updated scientific reports on applications related to dentistry, since BC has great potential for this. It has been used mainly in the regeneration of periodontal tissue, surgical dressings, intraoral wounds, and also in the regeneration of pulp tissue. This review describes the properties and advantages of some BC studies focused on dental and oral applications, including the design of implants, scaffolds, and wound-dressing materials, as well as carriers for drug delivery in dentistry. Aligned to the current trends and biotechnology evolutions, BC-based nanocomposites offer a great field to be explored and other novel features can be expected in relation to oral and bone tissue repair in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial cellulose; biomaterials; nanocomposites; tissue engineering; guided tissue regeneration bacterial cellulose; biomaterials; nanocomposites; tissue engineering; guided tissue regeneration
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Oliveira Barud, H.G.; da Silva, R.R.; Borges, M.A.C.; Castro, G.R.; Ribeiro, S.J.L.; da Silva Barud, H. Bacterial Nanocellulose in Dentistry: Perspectives and Challenges. Molecules 2021, 26, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010049

AMA Style

de Oliveira Barud HG, da Silva RR, Borges MAC, Castro GR, Ribeiro SJL, da Silva Barud H. Bacterial Nanocellulose in Dentistry: Perspectives and Challenges. Molecules. 2021; 26(1):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010049

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Oliveira Barud, Hélida G.; da Silva, Robson R.; Borges, Marco A.C.; Castro, Guillermo R.; Ribeiro, Sidney J.L.; da Silva Barud, Hernane. 2021. "Bacterial Nanocellulose in Dentistry: Perspectives and Challenges" Molecules 26, no. 1: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010049

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