Novel machine learning and molecular modelling filtering procedures for drug repurposing have been carried out for the recognition of the novel fungicide targets of Cyp51 and Erg2. Classification and regression approaches on molecular descriptors have been performed using stepwise multilinear regression (FS-MLR), uninformative-variable elimination partial-least square regression, and a non-linear method called Forward Stepwise Limited Correlation Random Forest (FS-LM-RF). Altogether, 112 prediction models from two different approaches have been built for the descriptor recognition of fungicide hit compounds. Aiming at the fungal targets of sterol biosynthesis in membranes, antifungal hit compounds have been selected for docking experiments from the Drugbank database using the Autodock4 molecular docking program. The results were verified by Gold Protein-Ligand Docking Software. The best-docked conformation, for each high-scored ligand considered, was submitted to quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) gradient optimization with final single point calculations taking into account both the basis set superposition error and thermal corrections (with frequency calculations). Finally, seven Drugbank lead compounds were selected based on their high QM/MM scores for the Cyp51 target, and three were selected for the Erg2 target. These lead compounds could be recommended for further in vitro studies.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited