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Open AccessArticle

Manipulation of the Size and Phase Composition of Yttrium Iron Garnet Nanoparticles by Pulsed Laser Post-Processing in Liquid

1
Technical Chemistry I and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitaetsstrasse 7, 45141 Essen, Germany
2
Faculty of Physics and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstr. 1, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tatiana E. Itina
Molecules 2020, 25(8), 1869; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25081869
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 10 April 2020 / Accepted: 10 April 2020 / Published: 17 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Synthesis)
Modification of the size and phase composition of magnetic oxide nanomaterials dispersed in liquids by laser synthesis and processing of colloids has high implications for applications in biomedicine, catalysis and for nanoparticle-polymer composites. Controlling these properties for ternary oxides, however, is challenging with typical additives like salts and ligands and can lead to unwanted byproducts and various phases. In our study, we demonstrate how additive-free pulsed laser post-processing (LPP) of colloidal yttrium iron oxide nanoparticles using high repetition rates and power at 355 nm laser wavelength can be used for phase transformation and phase purification of the garnet structure by variation of the laser fluence as well as the applied energy dose. Furthermore, LPP allows particle size modification between 5 nm (ps laser) and 20 nm (ns laser) and significant increase of the monodispersity. Resulting colloidal nanoparticles are investigated regarding their size, structure and temperature-dependent magnetic properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: yttrium iron oxide; perovskite; garnet; phase transformation; ferrimagnetic nanoparticles; laser ablation; laser fragmentation; laser melting; monodisperse yttrium iron oxide; perovskite; garnet; phase transformation; ferrimagnetic nanoparticles; laser ablation; laser fragmentation; laser melting; monodisperse
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hupfeld, T.; Stein, F.; Barcikowski, S.; Gökce, B.; Wiedwald, U. Manipulation of the Size and Phase Composition of Yttrium Iron Garnet Nanoparticles by Pulsed Laser Post-Processing in Liquid. Molecules 2020, 25, 1869.

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