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Natural Mordenite from Spain as Pozzolana

Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica, CSIC, c/Marie Curie 2, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas y Energía, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28003 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Susana Valencia
Molecules 2020, 25(5), 1220;
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 5 March 2020 / Published: 9 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zeolitic Microporous Materials and Their Applications)
This work deals with anomalous concentrations of natural mordenite in the southeast of Spain. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies evidenced that the samples contain mainly monomineral zeolitic phase of mordenite (70% to 74%), usually accompanied by smectite (montmorillonite), the principal component of bentonite. A study of the applicability of these zeolites is presented to establish the potential use as pozzolanic cements. For comparative purposes, synthetic commercial mordenite is also characterized and tested. The initial mixtures were prepared using cement and mordenite at a 75:25 ratio. Chemical analysis and a pozzolanicity test showed the high pozzolanic character. These mixtures were further added to sand and water, yielding the cement specimens to be used as concrete. Mechanical test results showed that the mechanical compression at 7 and 28 days fall into the range of 19.23 to 43.05 MegaPascals (MPa) for the cement specimens built with natural mordenites. The obtained results fall in the same range of cement specimens prepared with natural clinoptilolite, using mixtures within the European requirement for commercial concretes. Thus, these results and the low cost of natural mordenite of San José de los Escullos deposit supports the potential use of natural mordenite as pozzolanic cement. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural zeolite; mordenite; smectite; bentonite; pozzolanic cements natural zeolite; mordenite; smectite; bentonite; pozzolanic cements
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MDPI and ACS Style

Presa, L.; Costafreda, J.L.; Martín, D.A.; Díaz, I. Natural Mordenite from Spain as Pozzolana. Molecules 2020, 25, 1220.

AMA Style

Presa L, Costafreda JL, Martín DA, Díaz I. Natural Mordenite from Spain as Pozzolana. Molecules. 2020; 25(5):1220.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Presa, Leticia, Jorge L. Costafreda, Domingo A. Martín, and Isabel Díaz. 2020. "Natural Mordenite from Spain as Pozzolana" Molecules 25, no. 5: 1220.

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