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Open AccessArticle

Phytochemical Analysis and Habitat Suitability Mapping of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Collected in the Hatay Region of Turkey

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Department of Medicinal Plant, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 5-1 Oe-Honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, Kumamoto 862-0973, Japan
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Global Center for Natural Resources Sciences, Kumamoto University, No. 5-1, Oe Honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 862-0973, Japan
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, 31060 Hatay, Turkey
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Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering, Kilis 7 Aralik University, 79000 Kilis, Turkey
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Advanced Technology Application and Research Center (ATARC), Kilis 7 Aralik University, 79000 Kilis, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Molecules 2020, 25(23), 5529; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235529
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 21 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
The growth and quality of licorice depend on various environmental factors, including the local climate and soil properties; therefore, its cultivation is often unsuccessful. The current study investigated the key factors that affect the contents of bioactive compounds of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. root and estimated suitable growth zones from collection sites in the Hatay region of Turkey. The contents of three bioactive compounds (glycyrrhizic acid, glabridin, and liquiritin), soil factors (pH, soil bearing capacity, and moisture content), and geographical information (slope, aspect, curvature, elevation, and hillshade) were measured. Meteorological data (temperature and precipitation) were also obtained. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) were performed on the data. The soil bearing capacity, moisture content, slope, aspect, curvature, and elevation of the study area showed statistically significant effects on the glycyrrhizic acid and liquiritin contents. A habitat suitability zone map was generated using a GIS-based frequency ratio (FR) model with spatial correlations to the soil, topographical, and meteorological data. The final map categorized the study area into four zones: very high (15.14%), high (31.50%), moderate (40.25%), and low suitability (13.11%). High suitability zones are recommended for further investigation and future cultivation of G. glabra. View Full-Text
Keywords: frequency ratio; glabridin; glycyrrhizic acid; habitat suitability map; liquiritin; soil moisture content frequency ratio; glabridin; glycyrrhizic acid; habitat suitability map; liquiritin; soil moisture content
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alsaadi, D.H.M.; Raju, A.; Kusakari, K.; Karahan, F.; Sekeroglu, N.; Watanabe, T. Phytochemical Analysis and Habitat Suitability Mapping of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Collected in the Hatay Region of Turkey. Molecules 2020, 25, 5529. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235529

AMA Style

Alsaadi DHM, Raju A, Kusakari K, Karahan F, Sekeroglu N, Watanabe T. Phytochemical Analysis and Habitat Suitability Mapping of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Collected in the Hatay Region of Turkey. Molecules. 2020; 25(23):5529. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235529

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alsaadi, Doaa H.M.; Raju, Aedla; Kusakari, Ken; Karahan, Faruk; Sekeroglu, Nazim; Watanabe, Takashi. 2020. "Phytochemical Analysis and Habitat Suitability Mapping of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Collected in the Hatay Region of Turkey" Molecules 25, no. 23: 5529. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235529

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