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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Ultrafiltration of Pitaya Extract (Stenocereus thurberi) on Its Phytochemical Content, Antioxidant Capacity, and UPLC-DAD-MS Profile

1
Department of Food Research and Graduate Program, University of Sonora, Hermosillo 83000, Sonora C.P., Mexico
2
Department of Physical, University of Sonora, Hermosillo 83000, Sonora C.P., Mexico
3
Research Center for Food and Development, A.C. Biopolymers-CTAOA, Hermosillo 83304, Sonora C.P., Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2020, 25(2), 281; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25020281
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 21 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 9 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Stenocereus thurberi is an endemic species in northwestern Mexico. It produces colorful fruits called pitayas that have an edible pulp. They have phytochemical compounds associated with biological activities. Ultrafiltration is a widely used method for the clarification of fruit juices and the recovery of phytochemicals. However, its effect has not been extensively studied in extracts. Therefore, the objective of this work is to study the effect of the ultrafiltration of pitaya extract (Stenocereus thurberi) on its phytochemical content, antioxidant capacity, and identification of phenolic compounds by UPLC-DAD-MS, providing greater knowledge about the pitaya. In this study, two extracts were analyzed, the unclarified extract (UE) and the clarified extract (CE). The antioxidant capacity was higher in the CE with 15.93 ± 0.42 mM TE/g, DPPH and 18.37 ± 0.016 mM TE/g, ABTS. The UPLC-MS analysis indicated the decrease in phenolic compounds in the CE and the presence of gallic acid and resorcinol, compounds that had not been identified in other species of Stenocereus spp. The correlation analysis indicated that all the phytochemicals present in the pitaya contribute significantly to the antioxidant capacity. The ultrafiltration process could be a viable option to improve the biological activity of the natural extracts. View Full-Text
Keywords: pitaya; Stenocereus thurberi; phytochemical; antioxidant capacity; ultrafiltration; UPLC-DAD-MS pitaya; Stenocereus thurberi; phytochemical; antioxidant capacity; ultrafiltration; UPLC-DAD-MS
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Castro-Enríquez, D.D.; Montaño-Leyva, B.; Del Toro-Sánchez, C.L.; Juárez-Onofre, J.E.; Carvajal-Millán, E.; López-Ahumada, G.A.; Barreras-Urbina, C.G.; Tapia-Hernández, J.A.; Rodríguez-Félix, F. Effect of Ultrafiltration of Pitaya Extract (Stenocereus thurberi) on Its Phytochemical Content, Antioxidant Capacity, and UPLC-DAD-MS Profile. Molecules 2020, 25, 281.

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