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Open AccessArticle

Dependence of the Optical Constant Parameters of p-Toluene Sulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline and Its Composites on Dispersion Solvents

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Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia, Seri Iskandar, Perak 32610, Malaysia
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Department of Physics, Al-Qalam University, Katsina, Katsina, PMB 2137 Katsina, Nigeria
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ImViA EA 7535, Team IFTIM, Université de Bourgogne, 21000 Dijon, France
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Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak 32610, Malaysia
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Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor 43400, Malaysia
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Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor 43400, Malaysia
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Department of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Université Grenoble Alpes, 621 Avenue Centrale, 38400 Saint-Martin-d’Hères, France
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Physics Department, College of Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 84428, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia
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Radiology and Medical Imaging Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 422, Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniela Meroni
Molecules 2020, 25(19), 4414; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194414
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 22 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hybrid Materials for Advanced Applications)
The optical constants of Para-Toluene sulfonic acid-doped polyaniline (PANI), PANIchitosan composites, PANI-reduced graphene-oxide composites and a ternary composite comprising of PANI, chitosan and reduced graphene-oxide dispersed in diluted p-toluene sulfonic acid (PTSA) solution and N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone (NMP) solvent have been evaluated and compared. The optical constant values were extracted from the absorbance spectra of thin layers of the respective samples. The potential utilization of the materials as the active sensing materials of surface plasmon resonance biosensors has also been assessed in terms of the estimated value of the penetration depth through a dielectric medium. The results show a reasonable dependence of the optical constant parameters on the solvent type. Higher real part refractive index (n) and real part complex dielectric permittivity (ε’) values were observed for the samples prepared using PTSA solution, while higher optical conductivity values were observed for the NMP-based samples due to their relatively higher imaginary part refractive index (k) and imaginary part complex dielectric permittivity (ε″) values. In addition, NMP-based samples show improvement in terms of the penetration depth through a dielectric medium by around 9.5, 1.6, 4.4 and 2.9 times compared to PTSA-based samples for the PANI, PANI-chitosan, PANI-RGO and the ternary composites, respectively. Based on these, it is concluded that preparation of these materials using different dispersion solvents could produce materials of different optical properties. Thus, the variation of the dispersion solvent will allow the flexible utilization of the PANI and the composites for diverse applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: p-toluene sulfonic acid-doped polyaniline; optical constant parameters; chitosan; reduced graphene-oxide; surface plasmon resonance (SPR) p-toluene sulfonic acid-doped polyaniline; optical constant parameters; chitosan; reduced graphene-oxide; surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Usman, F.; Dennis, J.O.; Meriaudeau, F.; Ahmed, A.Y.; Seong, K.C.; Fen, Y.W.; Sadrolhosseini, A.R.; Abdulkadir, B.A.; Ayinla, R.T.; Daniyal, W.M.E.M.M.; Omar, N.A.S.; Tamam, N.; Sulieman, A. Dependence of the Optical Constant Parameters of p-Toluene Sulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline and Its Composites on Dispersion Solvents. Molecules 2020, 25, 4414. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194414

AMA Style

Usman F, Dennis JO, Meriaudeau F, Ahmed AY, Seong KC, Fen YW, Sadrolhosseini AR, Abdulkadir BA, Ayinla RT, Daniyal WMEMM, Omar NAS, Tamam N, Sulieman A. Dependence of the Optical Constant Parameters of p-Toluene Sulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline and Its Composites on Dispersion Solvents. Molecules. 2020; 25(19):4414. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Usman, Fahad; Dennis, John O.; Meriaudeau, Fabrice; Ahmed, Abdelaziz Y.; Seong, Khe C.; Fen, Yap W.; Sadrolhosseini, Amir R.; Abdulkadir, Bashir A.; Ayinla, Ridwan T.; Daniyal, Wan M.E.M.M.; Omar, Nur A.S.; Tamam, Nissren; Sulieman, Abdelmoneim. 2020. "Dependence of the Optical Constant Parameters of p-Toluene Sulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline and Its Composites on Dispersion Solvents" Molecules 25, no. 19: 4414. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194414

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