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Molecules 2019, 24(8), 1520; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081520

Quality Control and Variability Assessment of an Eight‐Herb Formulation for Hypertension Using Method Validation and Statistical Analysis

1
Herbal Analysis and Pharmacological Laboratories (HAPL), NICM, Western Sydney University,Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia
2
School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia
3
National Measurement Institute, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
4
Wentworth Institute, NSW 2010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 9 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Analytical Chemistry)
PDF [1133 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]

Abstract

Background—The quality control (QC) for commercial herbal formulations is sparse due to a lack of well-developed HPLC-ESI-MS/MS methods. Objective—This study reports the quantification of nine selected analytes for a commercial eight-herb formulation known as Qi Ju Di Huang Wan (QJDHW) used to relieve hypertension. Methods—An HPLC-ESI/MS method for the quantitation of analytes selected using the Herbal Chemical Marker Ranking System (Herb MaRS) was developed. The Herb MaRS ranking system which takes into account bioavailability, bioactivity, and physiological action related to its intended use and the commercial availability of the standard. After a method optimization, seven analytes were found to be ideal for quantitation. Results—The target analytes were identified using an electrospray ionization-tandem MS molecular breakdown comparison between the herbal peak and the commercial standard. The quantitative aspect of analyte variability of eleven samples was studied using fold variation. The fold variation of selected analytes among eleven samples ranged from 1.5 to 28.9. The qualitative aspect of variability was studied using principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). Conclusions—There is a great degree of chemical variability in herbal formulations which are due to raw material harvesting times, storage techniques, and plant subspecies variability. Highlights—Commercial QJDHW formulations need to be standardised using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS to ensure better product quality control (QC) and product efficacy for the consumer.
Keywords: Qi Ju Di Huang Wan; hypertension; herb MaRS; HPLC-MS; PCA Qi Ju Di Huang Wan; hypertension; herb MaRS; HPLC-MS; PCA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jarouche, M.; Suresh, H.; Low, M.; Lee, S.; Xu, C.; Khoo, C. Quality Control and Variability Assessment of an Eight‐Herb Formulation for Hypertension Using Method Validation and Statistical Analysis. Molecules 2019, 24, 1520.

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