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Open AccessReview

3-Hydroxyflavones and 3-Hydroxy-4-oxoquinolines as Carbon Monoxide-Releasing Molecules

Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Utah State University, 0300 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322-0300, USA
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Molecules 2019, 24(7), 1252; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24071252
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 30 March 2019
Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CORMs) that enable the delivery of controlled amounts of CO are of strong current interest for applications in biological systems. In this review, we examine the various conditions under which CO is released from 3-hydroxyflavones and 3-hydroxy-4-oxoquinolines to advance the understanding of how these molecules, or derivatives thereof, may be developed as CORMs. Enzymatic pathways from quercetin dioxygenases and 3-hydroxy-4-oxoquinoline dioxygenases leading to CO release are examined, along with model systems for these enzymes. Base-catalyzed and non-redox-metal promoted CO release, as well as UV and visible light-driven CO release from 3-hydroxyflavones and 3-hydroxy-4-oxoquinolines, are summarized. The visible light-induced CO release reactivity of recently developed extended 3-hydroxyflavones and a 3-hydroxybenzo[g]quinolone, and their uses as intracellular CORMs, are discussed. Overall, this review provides insight into the chemical factors that affect the thermal and photochemical dioxygenase-type CO release reactions of these heterocyclic compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gasotransmitter; mechanism; carbon monoxide; oxygen; heme oxygenase Gasotransmitter; mechanism; carbon monoxide; oxygen; heme oxygenase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Soboleva, T.; Berreau, L.M. 3-Hydroxyflavones and 3-Hydroxy-4-oxoquinolines as Carbon Monoxide-Releasing Molecules. Molecules 2019, 24, 1252. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24071252

AMA Style

Soboleva T, Berreau LM. 3-Hydroxyflavones and 3-Hydroxy-4-oxoquinolines as Carbon Monoxide-Releasing Molecules. Molecules. 2019; 24(7):1252. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24071252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Soboleva, Tatiana; Berreau, Lisa M. 2019. "3-Hydroxyflavones and 3-Hydroxy-4-oxoquinolines as Carbon Monoxide-Releasing Molecules" Molecules 24, no. 7: 1252. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24071252

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