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Molecules 2019, 24(6), 1034; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24061034

Detection of Salivary miRNAs Reflecting Chronic Periodontitis: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan
2
Department of Community Oral Health, Asahi University School of Dentistry, 1851-1 Hozumi, Mizuho, Gifu 501-0296, Japan
3
Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama University Hospital, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2019 / Revised: 7 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
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Abstract

The purpose of this cross-sectional pilot study was to find salivary microRNAs (miRNAs) reflecting periodontal condition in chronic periodontitis. One hundred and twenty chronic periodontitis patients (mean age, 68.4 years) participated in the study, from whom unstimulated whole saliva was collected. A multiphase study was conducted to explore salivary miRNAs as biomarkers of periodontitis. At first, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array was performed to compare salivary miRNAs profiles in no and mild (no/mild) and severe periodontitis patients. Next, the relative expression of salivary miRNAs on individual samples was assessed by real-time reverse transcription-PCR. The numbers (%) of patients were 26 (21.6%, no/mild), 58 (48.3%, moderate) and 36 (30.0%, severe), respectively. Among 84 miRNAs, only the relative expression of hsa-miR-381-3p in the severe periodontitis group was significantly higher than that of the no/mild periodontitis group (p < 0.05). Among the 120 patients, there was also a significant correlation between the relative expression of hsa-miR-381-3p and the mean probing pocket depth (PPD) (r = 0.181, p < 0.05). Salivary hsa-miR-381-3p was correlated with periodontitis condition in chronic periodontitis patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: saliva; periodontitis; microRNA saliva; periodontitis; microRNA
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Fujimori, K.; Yoneda, T.; Tomofuji, T.; Ekuni, D.; Azuma, T.; Maruyama, T.; Mizuno, H.; Sugiura, Y.; Morita, M. Detection of Salivary miRNAs Reflecting Chronic Periodontitis: A Pilot Study. Molecules 2019, 24, 1034.

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