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Review

Fabrication of Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers with Diverse Morphologies

1
Department of Orthopedics, Hallym University, 1 Hallymdaehak-gil, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do 200-702, Korea
2
College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
3
College of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China
4
Key Laboratory of Polymer Ecomaterials, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(5), 834; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24050834
Received: 9 February 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 23 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Fibers: Preparations, Characterizations, and Applications)
Fiber structures with nanoscale diameters offer many fascinating features, such as excellent mechanical properties and high specific surface areas, making them attractive for many applications. Among a variety of technologies for preparing nanofibers, electrospinning is rapidly evolving into a simple process, which is capable of forming diverse morphologies due to its flexibility, functionality, and simplicity. In such review, more emphasis is put on the construction of polymer nanofiber structures and their potential applications. Other issues of electrospinning device, mechanism, and prospects, are also discussed. Specifically, by carefully regulating the operating condition, modifying needle device, optimizing properties of the polymer solutions, some unique structures of core–shell, side-by-side, multilayer, hollow interior, and high porosity can be obtained. Taken together, these well-organized polymer nanofibers can be of great interest in biomedicine, nutrition, bioengineering, pharmaceutics, and healthcare applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer nanofiber; fabrication; electrospinning; morphology; application polymer nanofiber; fabrication; electrospinning; morphology; application
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.; Wang, J.; Zeng, L.; Qiao, Z.; Liu, X.; Liu, H.; Zhang, J.; Ding, J. Fabrication of Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers with Diverse Morphologies. Molecules 2019, 24, 834. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24050834

AMA Style

Wang C, Wang J, Zeng L, Qiao Z, Liu X, Liu H, Zhang J, Ding J. Fabrication of Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers with Diverse Morphologies. Molecules. 2019; 24(5):834. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24050834

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Chenyu; Wang, Jun; Zeng, Liangdan; Qiao, Ziwen; Liu, Xiaochen; Liu, He; Zhang, Jin; Ding, Jianxun. 2019. "Fabrication of Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers with Diverse Morphologies" Molecules 24, no. 5: 834. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24050834

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