Next Article in Journal
Ammonia-Responsive Luminescence of Ln3+-β-diketonate Complex Encapsulated within Zeolite Y
Previous Article in Journal
Changes of Phytochemical Components (Urushiols, Polyphenols, Gallotannins) and Antioxidant Capacity during Fomitella fraxinea–Mediated Fermentation of Toxicodendron vernicifluum Bark
Previous Article in Special Issue
Terpenoid Compositions of Resins from Callitris Species (Cupressaceae)
Article Menu
Issue 4 (February-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2019, 24(4), 684; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040684

Mulinane and Azorellane Diterpenoid Biomarkers by GC-MS from a Representative Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Species of the Andes

1
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
2
Consultant, 72 Marina Lakes Drive, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
3
Southeast Environmental Research Center and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
4
Escuela de Química y Farmacia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andres Bello, Viña del Mar 2520000, Chile
5
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago 8320000, Chile
6
Departamento de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Viña del Mar 2520000, Chile
7
Consultant, Casilla 942, Viña del Mar 2520000, Chile
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Motoo Tori
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity of Terpenoids)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4524 KB, uploaded 14 February 2019]   |  

Abstract

Extracts of bled resin from Azorella compacta, of the Azorelloideae family from the Andes (>4000 m), were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The mass spectra of the dominant compounds of the resin and its hydrogenation products were documented. The most abundant compounds were oxygenated diterpenoids, namely mulinadien-20-oic (Δ11,13 and Δ11,14) acids, azorell-13-en-20-oic acid, 13α,14β-dihydroxymulin-11-en-20-oic acid, and azorellanol, with a group of azorellenes and mulinadienes. The mass spectra of the novel diterpenoid hydrocarbons with the azorellane and mulinane skeletons were also presented. This study documents the molecular diversity of these diterpenoid classes, and could be of great utility for future organic geochemical, environmental, archeological, pharmaceutical, and forensic chemistry studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Azorella compacta; diterpenoids; GC-MS; standards Azorella compacta; diterpenoids; GC-MS; standards
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Simoneit, B.R.; Oros, D.R.; Jaffé, R.; Didyk-Peña, A.; Areche, C.; Sepúlveda, B.; Didyk, B.M. Mulinane and Azorellane Diterpenoid Biomarkers by GC-MS from a Representative Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Species of the Andes. Molecules 2019, 24, 684.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top