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Molecules 2019, 24(3), 606; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24030606

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) Analysis of Essential Oils from AgNPs and AuNPs Elicited Lavandula angustifolia In Vitro Cultures

1
Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Department of Organic and Physical Chemistry, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Aleja Piastów 42, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Plant Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, ul. Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
3
Plant Breeding and Acclimation Institute—National Research Institute, Bonin Reaserch Centre, Bonin 3, 73-009 Bonin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brendan M Duggan
Received: 21 January 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 9 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Analytical Chemistry)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine how the addition of gold and silver nanoparticles to culture media affects the composition of essential oils extracted from Lavandula angustifolia propagated on MS media with the addition of 10 and 50 mg·dm−3 of gold (24.2 ± 2.4 nm) and silver (27.5 ± 4.8 nm) nanocolloids. The oil extracted from the lavender tissues propagated on the medium with 10 mg·dm−3 AgNPs (silver nanoparticles) differed the most with respect to the control; oil-10 compounds were not found at all, and 13 others were detected which were not present in the control oil. The addition of AuNPs (gold nanoparticles) and AgNPs to the media resulted in a decrease of lower molecular weight compounds (e.g., α- and β-pinene, camphene, δ-3-carene, p-cymene, 1,8-cineole, trans-pinocarveol, camphoriborneol), which were replaced by those of a higher molecular weight (τ- and α-cadinol 9-cedranone, cadalene, α-bisabolol, cis-14-nor-muurol-5-en-4-one, (E,E)-farnesol). View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; secondary metabolites; shoot cultures; micropropagation; elicitor nanoparticles; secondary metabolites; shoot cultures; micropropagation; elicitor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wesołowska, A.; Jadczak, P.; Kulpa, D.; Przewodowski, W. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) Analysis of Essential Oils from AgNPs and AuNPs Elicited Lavandula angustifolia In Vitro Cultures. Molecules 2019, 24, 606.

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