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Open AccessArticle

Polyphenol Extracts from Three Colombian Passifloras (Passion Fruits) Prevent Inflammation-Induced Barrier Dysfunction of Caco-2 Cells

1
Grupo de Investigación Médica, Universidad de Manizales, Manizales 170004, Colombia
2
Grupo de Investigación Cromatografía y Técnicas Afines, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales 170004, Colombia
3
Department of Food Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
4
Grupo de Investigación Nutrición, Metabolismo y Seguridad Alimentaria, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales 170004, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Celestino Santos-Buelga and Ana M. González-Paramás
Molecules 2019, 24(24), 4614; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24244614
Received: 7 November 2019 / Revised: 4 December 2019 / Accepted: 8 December 2019 / Published: 17 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flavonoids: From Structure to Health Issues II)
Chronic intestinal inflammation is associated with pathophysiology of obesity and inflammatory bowel diseases. Gastrointestinal inflammation increases barrier dysfunction exacerbating the immune response and perpetuating chronic inflammation. Anti-inflammatory flavonoids may prevent this intestinal barrier dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the polyphenol composition of Colombian Passiflora edulis var. Flavicarpa (Maracuyá), Passiflora edulis var. Sims (Gulupa), and Passiflora ligularis var. Juss (Granadilla) (passion fruits) and to evaluate their ability to inhibit disruption of intestinal barrier dysfunction of Caco-2 (colorectal adenocarcinoma) cells by an inflammatory cocktail (IC). Polyphenols (flavan-3-ols, phenolic acids, flavonols), xanthenes, and a terpene were identified in passion fruits. Cyanidin 3-rutinoside, (+)-catechin and ferulic acid were the most abundant phenolics in P. edulis var. Flavicarpa, P. edulis var. Sims, and P. ligularis var. Juss, respectively. Fruit extracts prevented loss of transepithelial electrical resistance in Caco-2 cells treated with the IC. Among the extracts, P. ligularis var. Juss was most effective at maintaining Caco-2 transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) with ~73% relative to the IC-treated cells with about 43% of initial TEER values. This fruit had cyanidin-3-rutinoside, (+)-catechin, (−)-epicatechin, and ferulic acid in its phenolic profile. Results of this work support the hypothesis that consumption of passion fruit extracts could benefit intestinal health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Colombian Passifloras; intestinal barrier function; transepithelial electrical resistance; Caco-2 cells; flavonoids Colombian Passifloras; intestinal barrier function; transepithelial electrical resistance; Caco-2 cells; flavonoids
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Carmona-Hernandez, J.C.; Taborda-Ocampo, G.; Valdez, J.C.; Bolling, B.W.; González-Correa, C.H. Polyphenol Extracts from Three Colombian Passifloras (Passion Fruits) Prevent Inflammation-Induced Barrier Dysfunction of Caco-2 Cells. Molecules 2019, 24, 4614.

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