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Open AccessArticle

Photon-Induced Superior Antibacterial Activity of Palladium-Decorated, Magnetically Separable Fe3O4/Pd/mpg-C3N4 Nanocomposites

Department of Nano-Physics, Gachon University, 1342 Seongnamdaero, Sujeong-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13120, Korea
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Molecules 2019, 24(21), 3888; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24213888
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 19 October 2019 / Accepted: 24 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Photochemistry)
Three-component nanocomposites (Fe3O4/Pd/mpg-C3N4) have been systematically synthesized using a three-step solution method for the photocatalytic bacterial decontamination. The mesoporous g-C3N4 nanosheets (mpg-C3N4), which were prepared by the acid treatment, showed a great improvement in photocatalytic performance. The photoluminescence intensity of the mpg-C3N4 nanosheets was disclosed to drop about 60% from the value of normal g-C3N4 nanosheets. Decoration of mpg-C3N4 with palladium (Pd) nanoparticles led to the effective suppression of carrier recombination and the carrier migration to Fe3O4 nanoparticles. It was revealed that the three-component nanocomposites degraded 99.9% of E. coli and 99.8% of S. aureus bacterial strains within 2 h of solar light irradiation at a 100 μg/mL concentration, demonstrating their superb photocatalytic antibacterial activity. In addition, the nanocomposites could be easily separated from the bacterial cells and repeatedly used for photocatalytic bacterial degradation with good recyclability. The strong photon-induced antibacterial activity and good recyclability of the three-component nanocomposites may represent their potential as a promising antibacterial photocatalyst. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposites; mesoporous g-C3N4 nanosheets; Fe3O4 nanoparticles; photocatalysis; antibacterial activity nanocomposites; mesoporous g-C3N4 nanosheets; Fe3O4 nanoparticles; photocatalysis; antibacterial activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thakur, D.; Ta, Q.T.H.; Noh, J.-S. Photon-Induced Superior Antibacterial Activity of Palladium-Decorated, Magnetically Separable Fe3O4/Pd/mpg-C3N4 Nanocomposites. Molecules 2019, 24, 3888.

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