Studies on siRNA delivery have seen intense growth in the past decades since siRNA has emerged as a new class of gene therapeutics for the treatment of various diseases. siRNA bioconjugate, as one of the major delivery strategies, offers the potential to enhance and broaden pharmacological properties of siRNA, while minimizing the heterogeneity and stability-correlated toxicology. This review summarizes the recent developments of siRNA bioconjugate, including the conjugation with antibody, peptide, aptamer, small chemical, lipidoid, cell-penetrating peptide polymer, and nanoparticle. These siRNA bioconjugate, either administrated alone or formulated with other agents, could significantly improve pharmacokinetic behavior, enhance the biological half-life, and increase the targetability while maintaining sufficient gene silencing activity, with a concomitant improvement of the therapeutic outcomes and diminishment of adverse effects. This review emphasizes the delivery application of these siRNA bioconjugates, especially the conjugation strategy that control the integrity, stability and release of siRNA bioconjugates. The limitations conferred by these conjugation strategies have also been covered.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited