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Open AccessReview

Biosynthesis, Chemistry, and Pharmacology of Polyphenols from Chinese Salvia Species: A Review

1
Inner Mongolia Research Center of Characteristic Medicinal Plants Cultivation and Protection Engineering Technology, Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014060, Inner Mongolia, China
2
Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hohhot 010020, Inner Mongolia, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Margarida Castell Escuer and Mariona Camps-Bossacoma
Molecules 2019, 24(1), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24010155
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 2 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polyphenols and Health)
Salvia species find widespread application in food and pharmaceutical products owing to their large polyphenol content. The main polyphenols in Chinese Salvia species are phenolic acids and flavonoids, which exhibit anti-oxygenation, anti-ischemia-reperfusion injury, anti-thrombosis, anti-tumour, and other therapeutic effects. However, there are few peer-reviewed studies on polyphenols in Chinese Salvia species, especially flavonoids. This review is a systematic, comprehensive collation of available information on the biosynthesis, chemistry, and pharmacology of Chinese Salvia species. We believe that our study makes a significant contribution to the literature because this review provides a detailed literary resource on the currently available information on various polyphenolic components of Chinese Salvia species, including their bioactivities and structures. In addition, the study provides information that would encourage further investigation of this plant material as a natural resource with potential for a broad range of applications in various industries, such as the food and pharmaceutical industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosynthesis; chemistry; polyphenols; phenolic acids; pharmacology; Salvia biosynthesis; chemistry; polyphenols; phenolic acids; pharmacology; Salvia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Xu, J.; Gong, X.; Yang, M.; Zhang, C.; Li, M. Biosynthesis, Chemistry, and Pharmacology of Polyphenols from Chinese Salvia Species: A Review. Molecules 2019, 24, 155.

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