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Molecules 2018, 23(9), 2295; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23092295

Molybdenum Trioxide: Efficient Nanosorbent for Removal of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solutions

1
Chemistry Department, College of Science, Taibah University, Al-Madinah 30002, Saudi Arabia
2
Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, B. P. 1796 (Atlas), Fès 30003, Morocco
3
Community College, Taibah University-Al-Mahd Branch, Al-Mahd 42112, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 August 2018 / Revised: 2 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 8 September 2018
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Abstract

Nano Molybdenum trioxide (α-MoO3) was synthesized in an easy and efficient approach. The removal of methylene blue (MB) in aqueous solutions was studied using this material. The effects of various experimental parameters, for example contact time, pH, temperature and initial MB concentration on removal capacity were explored. The removal of MB was significantly affected by pH and temperature and higher values resulted in increase of removal capacity of MB. The removal efficiency of Methylene blue was 100% at pH = 11 for initial dye concentrations lower than 150 ppm, with a maximum removal capacity of 152 mg/g of MB as gathered from Langmuir model. By comparing the kinetic models (pseudo first-order, pseudo second-order and intraparticle diffusion model) at various conditions, it has been found that the pseudo second-order kinetic model correlates with the experimental data well. The thermodynamic study indicated that the removal was endothermic, spontaneous and favorable. The thermal regeneration studies indicated that the removal efficiency (99%) was maintained after four cycles of use. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) confirmed the presence of the MB dye on the α-MoO3 nanoparticles after adsorption and regeneration. The α-MoO3 nanosorbent showed excellent removal efficiency before and after regeneration, suggesting that it can be used as a promising adsorbent for removing Methylene blue dye from wastewater. View Full-Text
Keywords: α-MoO3; nanosorbent; methylene blue; removal; regeneration α-MoO3; nanosorbent; methylene blue; removal; regeneration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Rakass, S.; Oudghiri Hassani, H.; Abboudi, M.; Kooli, F.; Mohmoud, A.; Aljuhani, A.; Al Wadaani, F. Molybdenum Trioxide: Efficient Nanosorbent for Removal of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solutions. Molecules 2018, 23, 2295.

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