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Cocoa Shell: A By-Product with Great Potential for Wide Application

Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Kuhačeva 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Cara Hadrijana 10E, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(6), 1404;
Received: 28 May 2018 / Revised: 6 June 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 9 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Solving the problem of large quantities of organic waste, which represents an enormous ecological and financial burden for all aspects of the process industry, is a necessity. Therefore, there is an emerged need to find specific solutions to utilize raw materials as efficiently as possible in the production process. The cocoa shell is a valuable by-product obtained from the chocolate industry. It is rich in protein, dietary fiber, and ash, as well as in some other valuable bioactive compounds, such as methylxanthines and phenolics. This paper gives an overview of published results related to the cocoa shell, mostly on important bioactive compounds and possible applications of the cocoa shell in different areas. The cocoa shell, due to its nutritional value and high-value bioactive compounds, could become a desirable raw material in a large spectrum of functional, pharmaceutical, or cosmetic products, as well as in the production of energy or biofuels in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: cocoa shell; cocoa by-product; bioactive compounds; reuse cocoa shell; cocoa by-product; bioactive compounds; reuse
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Panak Balentić, J.; Ačkar, Đ.; Jokić, S.; Jozinović, A.; Babić, J.; Miličević, B.; Šubarić, D.; Pavlović, N. Cocoa Shell: A By-Product with Great Potential for Wide Application. Molecules 2018, 23, 1404.

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