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Expression Stabilities of Ten Candidate Reference Genes for RT-qPCR in Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim

College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(4), 802; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23040802
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 30 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
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Abstract

Real-time reverse transcription quantitative PCR has become a common method for studying gene expression, however, the optimal selection of stable reference genes is a prerequisite for obtaining accurate quantification of transcript abundance. Suitable reference genes for RT-qPCR have not yet been identified for Chinese prickly ash (Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim.). Chinese prickly ash is the source of an important food seasoning in China. In recent years, Chinese prickly ash has also been developed as a medicinal plant. The expression stabilities of ten genes (18S, 28S, EF, UBA, UBQ, TIF, NTB, TUA, RPS, and TIF5A) were evaluated in roots, stems, leaves, flowers and fruits at five developmental stages and also under stress from cold, drought, and salt. To do this we used three different statistical algorithms: geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper. Among the genes investigated, UBA and UBQ were found to be most stable for the different cultivars and different tissues examined, UBQ and TIF for fruit developmental stage. Meanwhile, EF and TUA were most stable under cold treatment, EF and UBQ under drought treatment and NTB and RPS under salt treatment. UBA and UBQ for all samples evaluated were most stably expressed, but 18S, TUA and RPS were found to be generally unreliable as reference genes. Our results provide a basis for the future selection of reference genes for biological research with Chinese prickly ash, under a variety of conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim.; abiotic stress; stable reference genes; RT-qPCR Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim.; abiotic stress; stable reference genes; RT-qPCR
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Fei, X.; Shi, Q.; Yang, T.; Fei, Z.; Wei, A. Expression Stabilities of Ten Candidate Reference Genes for RT-qPCR in Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Molecules 2018, 23, 802.

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