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Molecules 2018, 23(3), 652; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23030652

Seasonal Reproduction in Vertebrates: Melatonin Synthesis, Binding, and Functionality Using Tinbergen’s Four Questions

Berkeley Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
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Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 11 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
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Abstract

One of the many functions of melatonin in vertebrates is seasonal reproductive timing. Longer nights in winter correspond to an extended duration of melatonin secretion. The purpose of this review is to discuss melatonin synthesis, receptor subtypes, and function in the context of seasonality across vertebrates. We conclude with Tinbergen’s Four Questions to create a comparative framework for future melatonin research in the context of seasonal reproduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: melatonin; seasonal reproduction; vertebrates melatonin; seasonal reproduction; vertebrates
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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viviD, D.; Bentley, G.E. Seasonal Reproduction in Vertebrates: Melatonin Synthesis, Binding, and Functionality Using Tinbergen’s Four Questions. Molecules 2018, 23, 652.

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