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Molecules 2018, 23(3), 571; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23030571

In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-Osteoarthritis Effects of 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-Glucoside from Polygonum Multiflorum

1
School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
2
Department of Medical Sciences Industry, College of Health Sciences, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan 71101, Taiwan
3
Innovative Research Center of Medicine, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan 71101, Taiwan
4
Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei 11696, Taiwan
5
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Biopharmaceuticals, College of Life Sciences, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 60004, Taiwan
6
PhD Program for Clinical Drug Discovery of Chinese Herbal Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
7
Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy Science, School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
8
Orthopedics Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 14 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 3 March 2018
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Abstract

Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. is a traditional herbal medicine that is rich in polyphenols. The major compound, 2,3,5,4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (THSG) has many pharmacological activities, such as antioxidative and free radical-scavenging properties, and the abilities to reduce hyperlipidemia, prevent lipid peroxidation, and protect the cardiovascular system. In this study, the anti-osteoarthritis (OA) effects of THSG were explored using in vitro and in vivo models. THSG inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 expressions by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. On the other hand, THSG inhibited PGE2 production and iNOS and matrix metalloproteinase-13 expressions by interleukin-1β-stimulated primary rat chondrocytes. Through a mono-iodoacetate-induced rat OA model assay, THSG reduced paw edema and improved the weight-bearing distribution. Therefore, THSG has anti-inflammatory activity and could be applied as a lead compound for the development as an OA drug. View Full-Text
Keywords: Polygonum multiflorum; 2,3,5,4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside; osteoarthritis; anti-inflammation Polygonum multiflorum; 2,3,5,4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside; osteoarthritis; anti-inflammation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tsai, P.-W.; Lee, Y.-H.; Chen, L.-G.; Lee, C.-J.; Wang, C.-C. In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-Osteoarthritis Effects of 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-Glucoside from Polygonum Multiflorum. Molecules 2018, 23, 571.

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