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Open AccessArticle

Photochemical Reactions in Dialdehyde Starch

Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Gagarina 7, 87-100 Torun, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hidenori Tanaka
Molecules 2018, 23(12), 3358; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23123358
Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 18 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbohydrate Chemistry)
In this study potato and corn starch were subjected to oxidation, using sodium periodate, to obtain dialdehyde starch (DAS) containing different amount of aldehyde groups. The obtained modified starch samples have been characterized with chemical analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Then, the samples were exposed to polychromatic UV radiation and the course of photochemical reaction has been monitored with ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. The surface properties of the native and dialdehyde starch before and after UV-irradiation have been determined by contact angle measurements and calculation of surface free energy. The crystallinity of the samples has been estimated with X-ray diffraction (XRD). It has been proved that the dialdehyded corn starch contained a higher amount of functional groups was more photostable than the oxidized potato starch. Sodium iodide(V), firmly bound to DAS macromolecules, has been found to have a significant effect on the photooxidative degradation of the tested systems. In addition, the mechanism of photoinduced reactions in the dialdehyde starch has been proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: starch modification; dialdehyde starch (DAS); cross-linkers; UV-irradiation; surface properties starch modification; dialdehyde starch (DAS); cross-linkers; UV-irradiation; surface properties
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Ziegler-Borowska, M.; Wegrzynowska-Drzymalska, K.; Chelminiak-Dudkiewicz, D.; Kowalonek, J.; Kaczmarek, H. Photochemical Reactions in Dialdehyde Starch. Molecules 2018, 23, 3358.

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