Next Article in Journal
Antifungal Prenylated Diphenyl Ethers from Arthrinium arundinis, an Endophytic Fungus Isolated from the Leaves of Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.)
Previous Article in Journal
Pilloin, A Flavonoid Isolated from Aquilaria sinensis, Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity In Vitro and In Vivo
Previous Article in Special Issue
Novel PEGylated Liposomes Enhance Immunostimulating Activity of isRNA
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessCommunication
Molecules 2018, 23(12), 3178;

Broccoli Fluorets: Split Aptamers as a User-Friendly Fluorescent Toolkit for Dynamic RNA Nanotechnology

Nanoscale Science Program, Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
Laboratory of Solution Chemistry of Advanced Materials and Technologies, ITMO University, Lomonosova St. 9, 191002 St. Petersburg, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marina A. Dobrovolskaia
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 29 November 2018 / Published: 2 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Therapeutic Nucleic Acids: Past, Present, and Future)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1584 KB, uploaded 2 December 2018]   |  


RNA aptamers selected to bind fluorophores and activate their fluorescence offer a simple and modular way to visualize native RNAs in cells. Split aptamers which are inactive until the halves are brought within close proximity can become useful for visualizing the dynamic actions of RNA assemblies and their interactions in real time with low background noise and eliminated necessity for covalently attached dyes. Here, we design and test several sets of F30 Broccoli aptamer splits, that we call fluorets, to compare their relative fluorescence and physicochemical stabilities. We show that the splits can be simply assembled either through one-pot thermal annealing or co-transcriptionally, thus allowing for direct tracking of transcription reactions via the fluorescent response. We suggest a set of rules that enable for the construction of responsive biomaterials that readily change their fluorescent behavior when various stimuli such as the presence of divalent ions, exposure to various nucleases, or changes in temperature are applied. We also show that the strand displacement approach can be used to program the controllable fluorescent responses in isothermal conditions. Overall, this work lays a foundation for the future development of dynamic systems for molecular computing which can be used to monitor real-time processes in cells and construct biocompatible logic gates. View Full-Text
Keywords: RNA nanotechnology; aptamer; Broccoli; dynamic nanoparticles; conditional activation RNA nanotechnology; aptamer; Broccoli; dynamic nanoparticles; conditional activation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chandler, M.; Lyalina, T.; Halman, J.; Rackley, L.; Lee, L.; Dang, D.; Ke, W.; Sajja, S.; Woods, S.; Acharya, S.; Baumgarten, E.; Christopher, J.; Elshalia, E.; Hrebien, G.; Kublank, K.; Saleh, S.; Stallings, B.; Tafere, M.; Striplin, C.; Afonin, K.A. Broccoli Fluorets: Split Aptamers as a User-Friendly Fluorescent Toolkit for Dynamic RNA Nanotechnology. Molecules 2018, 23, 3178.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top