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Molecules 2018, 23(11), 2854; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23112854

Smart and Functional Conducting Polymers: Application to Electrorheological Fluids

Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
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Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 14 October 2018 / Accepted: 21 October 2018 / Published: 2 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart and Functional Polymers)
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Abstract

Electro-responsive smart electrorheological (ER) fluids consist of electrically polarizing organic or inorganic particles and insulating oils in general. In this study, we focus on various conducting polymers of polyaniline and its derivatives and copolymers, along with polypyrrole and poly(ionic liquid), which are adopted as smart and functional materials in ER fluids. Their ER characteristics, including viscoelastic behaviors of shear stress, yield stress, and dynamic moduli, and dielectric properties are expounded and appraised using polarizability measurement, flow curve testing, inductance-capacitance-resistance meter testing, and several rheological equations of state. Furthermore, their potential industrial applications are also covered. View Full-Text
Keywords: conducting polymer; composite; electrorheological; smart fluid; viscoelastic conducting polymer; composite; electrorheological; smart fluid; viscoelastic
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lu, Q.; Han, W.J.; Choi, H.J. Smart and Functional Conducting Polymers: Application to Electrorheological Fluids. Molecules 2018, 23, 2854.

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