Next Article in Journal
Simultaneous Identification and Dynamic Analysis of Saccharides during Steam Processing of Rhizomes of Polygonatum cyrtonema by HPLC–QTOF–MS/MS
Next Article in Special Issue
A Perspective on Reversibility in Controlled Polymerization Systems: Recent Progress and New Opportunities
Previous Article in Journal
Synthetic Methodologies to Gold Nanoshells: An Overview
Previous Article in Special Issue
VE-Albumin Core-Shell Nanoparticles for Paclitaxel Delivery to Treat MDR Breast Cancer
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2018, 23(11), 2854;

Smart and Functional Conducting Polymers: Application to Electrorheological Fluids

Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 14 October 2018 / Accepted: 21 October 2018 / Published: 2 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart and Functional Polymers)
Full-Text   |   PDF [11121 KB, uploaded 2 November 2018]   |  


Electro-responsive smart electrorheological (ER) fluids consist of electrically polarizing organic or inorganic particles and insulating oils in general. In this study, we focus on various conducting polymers of polyaniline and its derivatives and copolymers, along with polypyrrole and poly(ionic liquid), which are adopted as smart and functional materials in ER fluids. Their ER characteristics, including viscoelastic behaviors of shear stress, yield stress, and dynamic moduli, and dielectric properties are expounded and appraised using polarizability measurement, flow curve testing, inductance-capacitance-resistance meter testing, and several rheological equations of state. Furthermore, their potential industrial applications are also covered. View Full-Text
Keywords: conducting polymer; composite; electrorheological; smart fluid; viscoelastic conducting polymer; composite; electrorheological; smart fluid; viscoelastic

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, Q.; Han, W.J.; Choi, H.J. Smart and Functional Conducting Polymers: Application to Electrorheological Fluids. Molecules 2018, 23, 2854.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top