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Open AccessCommunication

Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Leaves from Lippia schaueriana Mart. Collected in the Caatinga Area

1
Embrapa Semiarid, 56302-970 Petrolina-PE, Brazil
2
State University of Feira de Santana (UEFS), 44036900 Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil
3
Embrapa Tropical Agroindustry, 60511-110 Fortaleza-CE, Brazil
4
State Universityof Vale do Acaraú (UVA), 62040-370 Sobral-CE, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(10), 2480; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102480
Received: 23 May 2018 / Revised: 5 July 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Recent Advances in Flavors and Fragrances)
Lippia schaueriana Mart. (Verbenaceae) is an endemic species of Caatinga with a restricted distribution to the states of Bahia and Pernambuco, which presents itself as a potential source of raw material for extraction of essential oil and exploitation by the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Considering that there are no reports in the literature of research carried out with this species, this paper aimed to establish—for the first time—the chemical composition of its essential oil. The essential oil of the dry leaves at room temperature was obtained by hydrodistillation after 3 h of extraction and the phytochemical analyzes were done by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The main compounds found in the oil of leaves were piperitone oxide (51.25%), caryophyllene (17.76%), limonene (8.06%), spathulenol (6.63%), and piperitone (2.90%). The piperitone oxide is a compound described in the literature that shows antinociceptive, cardiovascular, analgesic, and relaxing activities, as well as fungicidal and insecticidal effect, which gives it an interesting potential for the alternative control of agricultural pests. View Full-Text
Keywords: endemic; medicinal plant; lipia da serra; piperitone; limonene endemic; medicinal plant; lipia da serra; piperitone; limonene
MDPI and ACS Style

De Souza, A.V.V.; Dos Santos, U.S.; De Sá Carvalho, J.R.; Barbosa, B.D.R.; Canuto, K.M.; Rodrigues, T.H.S. Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Leaves from Lippia schaueriana Mart. Collected in the Caatinga Area. Molecules 2018, 23, 2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102480

AMA Style

De Souza AVV, Dos Santos US, De Sá Carvalho JR, Barbosa BDR, Canuto KM, Rodrigues THS. Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Leaves from Lippia schaueriana Mart. Collected in the Caatinga Area. Molecules. 2018; 23(10):2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102480

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Souza, Ana V.V.; Dos Santos, Uiliane S.; De Sá Carvalho, Jackson R.; Barbosa, Bruno D.R.; Canuto, Kirley M.; Rodrigues, Tigressa H.S. 2018. "Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Leaves from Lippia schaueriana Mart. Collected in the Caatinga Area" Molecules 23, no. 10: 2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102480

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