Next Article in Journal
A Comparison of the Chemical Composition, In Vitro Bioaccessibility and Antioxidant Activity of Phenolic Compounds from Rice Bran and Its Dietary Fibres
Next Article in Special Issue
Nigella damascena L. Essential Oil—A Valuable Source of β-Elemene for Antimicrobial Testing
Previous Article in Journal
Characterization of Odors of Wood by Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry with Removal of Extractives as Attempt to Control Indoor Air Quality
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring the Chemical Diversity of Algerian Plants: Three New Pentacyclic Triterpenoids from Launaea acanthoclada Roots
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2018, 23(1), 166;

GC-MS Analysis of the Volatile Constituents in the Leaves of 14 Compositae Plants

College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Landscape Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity of Terpenoids)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3446 KB, uploaded 18 January 2018]   |  


The green organs, especially the leaves, of many Compositae plants possess characteristic aromas. To exploit the utility value of these germplasm resources, the constituents, mainly volatile compounds, in the leaves of 14 scented plant materials were qualitatively and quantitatively compared via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 213 constituents were detected and tentatively identified in the leaf extracts, and terpenoids (especially monoterpene and sesquiterpene derivatives), accounting for 40.45–90.38% of the total compounds, were the main components. The quantitative results revealed diverse concentrations and compositions of the chemical constituents between species. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that different groups of these Compositae plants were characterized by main components of α-thujone, germacrene D, eucalyptol, β-caryophyllene, and camphor, for example. On the other hand, cluster memberships corresponding to the molecular phylogenetic framework, were found by hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) based on the terpenoid composition of the tested species. These results provide a phytochemical foundation for the use of these scented Compositae plants, and for the further study of the chemotaxonomy and differential metabolism of Compositae species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Compositae plants; leaves; GC-MS; terpenoids; chemotaxonomy Compositae plants; leaves; GC-MS; terpenoids; chemotaxonomy

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Li, X.; Jiang, Q.; Sun, H.; Jiang, J.; Chen, S.; Guan, Z.; Fang, W.; Chen, F. GC-MS Analysis of the Volatile Constituents in the Leaves of 14 Compositae Plants. Molecules 2018, 23, 166.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top