Structure Identification and In Vitro Anticancer Activity of Lathyrol-3-phenylacetate-5,15-diacetate
AbstractNatural products from the genus Euphorbia show attention-attracting activities, such as anticancer activity. In this article, classical isolation and structure identification were used in a study on Caper Euphorbia Seed. Subsequently, MTT and wound healing assays, flow cytometry, western blotting, Hoechst 33258 staining and fluorescence microscopy examination were applied to investigate the anticancer activity of the obtained compounds. In a result, lathyrol-3-phenyl- acetate-5,15-diacetate (deoxy Euphorbia factor L1, DEFL1) was isolated from Caper Euphorbia Seed. Moreover, the NMR signals were totally assigned. DEFL1 showed potent inhibition against lung cancer A549 cells, with an IC50 value of 17.51 ± 0.85 μM. Furthermore, DEFL1 suppressed wound healing of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Mechanically, DEFL1 induced apoptosis, with involvement of an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS), decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), release of cytochrome c, activity raise of caspase-9 and 3. Characteristic features of apoptosis were observed by fluorescence microscopy. In summary, DEFL1 inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in lung cancer A549 cells via a mitochondrial pathway. View Full-Text
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Zhang, J.-Y.; Huang, W.-J.; Sun, H.-M.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, X.-Q.; Tang, S.-L.; Sun, M.-N.; Wang, S.; Li, J.-J.; Zhang, L.-L.; Zhou, J.-H.; Pan, Q.-R.; Chen, H.-B. Structure Identification and In Vitro Anticancer Activity of Lathyrol-3-phenylacetate-5,15-diacetate. Molecules 2017, 22, 1412.
Zhang J-Y, Huang W-J, Sun H-M, Liu Y, Zhao X-Q, Tang S-L, Sun M-N, Wang S, Li J-J, Zhang L-L, Zhou J-H, Pan Q-R, Chen H-B. Structure Identification and In Vitro Anticancer Activity of Lathyrol-3-phenylacetate-5,15-diacetate. Molecules. 2017; 22(9):1412.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Jian-ye; Huang, Wen-jing; Sun, Hong-mei; Liu, Yun; Zhao, Xiao-qin; Tang, Si-li; Sun, Ming-na; Wang, Sheng; Li, Jia-jun; Zhang, Ling-ling; Zhou, Jun-hua; Pan, Qian-rong; Chen, Hu-biao. 2017. "Structure Identification and In Vitro Anticancer Activity of Lathyrol-3-phenylacetate-5,15-diacetate." Molecules 22, no. 9: 1412.
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