Evaluation of Marine Microalga Diacronema vlkianum Biomass Fatty Acid Assimilation in Wistar Rats
AbstractDiacronema vlkianum is a marine microalgae for which supposed health promoting effects have been claimed based on its phytochemical composition. The potential use of its biomass as health ingredient, including detox-shakes, and the lack of bioavailability studies were the main concerns. In order to evaluate the microalgae-biomass assimilation and its health-benefits, single-dose (CD1-mice) studies were followed by 66-days repeated-dose study in Wistar rats with the highest tested single-dose of microalgae equivalent to 101 mg/kg eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexaenoic acid (EPA+DHA). Microalgae-supplementation modulated EPA and docosapentaenoic acid enrichment at arachidonic acid content expenditure in erythrocytes and liver, while increasing EPA content of heart and adipose tissues of rats. Those fatty acid (FA) changes confirmed the D. vlkianum-biomass FA assimilation. The principal component analyses discriminated brain from other tissues, which formed two other groups (erythrocytes, liver, and heart separated from kidney and adipose tissues), pointing to a distinct signature of FA deposition for the brain and for the other organs. The improved serum lipid profile, omega-3 index and erythrocyte plasticity support the cardiovascular benefits of D. vlkianum. These results bolster the potential of D. vlkianum-biomass to become a “heart-healthy” food supplement providing a safe and renewable source of bioavailable omega-3 FA. View Full-Text
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De Mello-Sampayo, C.; Paterna, A.; Polizzi, A.; Duarte, D.; Batista, I.; Pinto, R.; Gonçalves, P.; Raymundo, A.; Batista, A.P.; Gouveia, L.; Silva-Lima, B.; Bandarra, N.M. Evaluation of Marine Microalga Diacronema vlkianum Biomass Fatty Acid Assimilation in Wistar Rats. Molecules 2017, 22, 1097.
De Mello-Sampayo C, Paterna A, Polizzi A, Duarte D, Batista I, Pinto R, Gonçalves P, Raymundo A, Batista AP, Gouveia L, Silva-Lima B, Bandarra NM. Evaluation of Marine Microalga Diacronema vlkianum Biomass Fatty Acid Assimilation in Wistar Rats. Molecules. 2017; 22(7):1097.Chicago/Turabian Style
De Mello-Sampayo, Cristina; Paterna, Angela; Polizzi, Ambra; Duarte, Diana; Batista, Irineu; Pinto, Rui; Gonçalves, Patrícia; Raymundo, Anabela; Batista, Ana P.; Gouveia, Luísa; Silva-Lima, Beatriz; Bandarra, Narcisa M. 2017. "Evaluation of Marine Microalga Diacronema vlkianum Biomass Fatty Acid Assimilation in Wistar Rats." Molecules 22, no. 7: 1097.
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