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Molecules 2017, 22(3), 493;

Nonradiative Relaxation Mechanisms of UV Excited Phenylalanine Residues: A Comparative Computational Study

Ruđer Bošković Institute, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2017 / Revised: 9 March 2017 / Accepted: 16 March 2017 / Published: 21 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Experimental and Computational Photochemistry of Bioorganic Molecules)
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The present work is directed toward understanding the mechanisms of excited state deactivation in three neutral model peptides containing the phenylalanine residue. The excited state dynamics of theγL(g+)folded form of N-acetylphenylalaninylamide (NAPA B) and its amide-N-methylated derivative (NAPMA B) is reviewed and compared to the dynamics of the monohydrated structure of NAPA (NAPAH). The goal is to unravel how the environment, and in particular solvation, impacts the photodynamics of peptides. The systems are investigated using reaction path calculations and surface hopping nonadiabatic dynamics based on the coupled cluster doubles (CC2) method and time-dependent density functional theory. The work emphasizes the role that excitation transfer from the phenylππ*to amidenπ*state plays in the deactivation of the three systems and shows how the ease of out-of-plane distortions of the amide group determines the rate of population transfer between the two electronic states. The subsequent dynamics on thenπ*state is barrierless along several pathways and leads to fast deactivation to the ground electronic state. View Full-Text
Keywords: nonadiabatic molecular dynamics; nonradiative deactivation; peptide; phenylalanine nonadiabatic molecular dynamics; nonradiative deactivation; peptide; phenylalanine

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mališ, M.; Došlić, N. Nonradiative Relaxation Mechanisms of UV Excited Phenylalanine Residues: A Comparative Computational Study. Molecules 2017, 22, 493.

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