How Signaling Molecules Regulate Tumor Microenvironment: Parallels to Wound Repair
AbstractIt is now suggested that the inhibition of biological programs that are associated with the tumor microenvironment may be critical to the diagnostics, prevention and treatment of cancer. On the other hand, a suitable wound microenvironment would accelerate tissue repair and prevent extensive scar formation. In the present review paper, we define key signaling molecules (growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, and galectins) involved in the formation of the tumor microenvironment that decrease overall survival and increase drug resistance in cancer suffering patients. Additional attention will also be given to show whether targeted modulation of these regulators promote tissue regeneration and wound management. Whole-genome transcriptome profiling, in vitro and animal experiments revealed that interleukin 6, interleukin 8, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1, galectin-1, and selected proteins of the extracellular matrix (e.g., fibronectin) do have similar regulation during wound healing and tumor growth. Published data demonstrate remarkable similarities between the tumor and wound microenvironments. Therefore, tailor made manipulation of cancer stroma can have important therapeutic consequences. Moreover, better understanding of cancer cell-stroma interaction can help to improve wound healing by supporting granulation tissue formation and process of reepithelization of extensive and chronic wounds as well as prevention of hypertrophic scars and formation of keloids. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Gál, P.; Varinská, L.; Fáber, L.; Novák, Š.; Szabo, P.; Mitrengová, P.; Mirossay, A.; Mučaji, P.; Smetana, K. How Signaling Molecules Regulate Tumor Microenvironment: Parallels to Wound Repair. Molecules 2017, 22, 1818.
Gál P, Varinská L, Fáber L, Novák Š, Szabo P, Mitrengová P, Mirossay A, Mučaji P, Smetana K. How Signaling Molecules Regulate Tumor Microenvironment: Parallels to Wound Repair. Molecules. 2017; 22(11):1818.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gál, Peter; Varinská, Lenka; Fáber, Lenka; Novák, Štepán; Szabo, Pavol; Mitrengová, Petra; Mirossay, Andrej; Mučaji, Pavel; Smetana, Karel. 2017. "How Signaling Molecules Regulate Tumor Microenvironment: Parallels to Wound Repair." Molecules 22, no. 11: 1818.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.