Novel PEI/Poly-γ-Gutamic Acid Nanoparticles for High Efficient siRNA and Plasmid DNA Co-Delivery
AbstractThe efficient delivery of sufficient amounts of nucleic acids into target cells is critical for successful gene therapy and gene knockdown. The DNA/siRNA co-delivery system has been considered a promising approach for cancer therapy to simultaneously express and inhibit tumor suppressor genes and overexpressed oncogenes, respectively, triggering synergistic anti-cancer effects. Polyethylenimine (PEI) has been identified as an efficient non-viral vector for transgene expression. In this study, we created a very high efficient DNA/siRNA co-delivery system by incorporating a negatively-charged poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) into PEI/nucleic acid complexes. Spherical nanoparticles with about 200 nm diameter were formed by mixing PEI/plasmid DNA/siRNA/γ-PGA (dual delivery nanoparticles; DDNPs) with specific ratio (N/P/C ratio) and the particles present positive surface charge under all manufacturing conditions. The gel retardation assay shows both nucleic acids were effectively condensed by PEI, even at low N/P ratios. The PEI-based DDNPs reveal excellent DNA/siRNA transfection efficiency in the human hepatoma cell line (Hep 3B) by simultaneously providing high transgene expression efficiency and high siRNA silencing effect. The results indicated that DDNP can be an effective tool for gene therapy against hepatoma. View Full-Text
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Peng, S.-F.; Hsu, H.-K.; Lin, C.-C.; Cheng, Y.-M.; Hsu, K.-H. Novel PEI/Poly-γ-Gutamic Acid Nanoparticles for High Efficient siRNA and Plasmid DNA Co-Delivery. Molecules 2017, 22, 86.
Peng S-F, Hsu H-K, Lin C-C, Cheng Y-M, Hsu K-H. Novel PEI/Poly-γ-Gutamic Acid Nanoparticles for High Efficient siRNA and Plasmid DNA Co-Delivery. Molecules. 2017; 22(1):86.Chicago/Turabian Style
Peng, Shu-Fen; Hsu, Hung-Kun; Lin, Chun-Cheng; Cheng, Ya-Ming; Hsu, Kuang-Hsing. 2017. "Novel PEI/Poly-γ-Gutamic Acid Nanoparticles for High Efficient siRNA and Plasmid DNA Co-Delivery." Molecules 22, no. 1: 86.
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