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Open AccessReview

The Traditional Medicine and Modern Medicine from Natural Products

by Haidan Yuan 1,2, Qianqian Ma 1, Li Ye 1 and Guangchun Piao 1,2,*
1
College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China
2
Key Laboratory of Natural Resources of Changbai Mountain and Functional Molecules, Ministry of Education, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Molecules 2016, 21(5), 559; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21050559
Received: 19 March 2016 / Revised: 24 April 2016 / Accepted: 25 April 2016 / Published: 29 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Herbal Medicine Research)
Natural products and traditional medicines are of great importance. Such forms of medicine as traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, Kampo, traditional Korean medicine, and Unani have been practiced in some areas of the world and have blossomed into orderly-regulated systems of medicine. This study aims to review the literature on the relationship among natural products, traditional medicines, and modern medicine, and to explore the possible concepts and methodologies from natural products and traditional medicines to further develop drug discovery. The unique characteristics of theory, application, current role or status, and modern research of eight kinds of traditional medicine systems are summarized in this study. Although only a tiny fraction of the existing plant species have been scientifically researched for bioactivities since 1805, when the first pharmacologically-active compound morphine was isolated from opium, natural products and traditional medicines have already made fruitful contributions for modern medicine. When used to develop new drugs, natural products and traditional medicines have their incomparable advantages, such as abundant clinical experiences, and their unique diversity of chemical structures and biological activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural products; traditional medicines; drug discovery; traditional uses; chemodiversity natural products; traditional medicines; drug discovery; traditional uses; chemodiversity
MDPI and ACS Style

Yuan, H.; Ma, Q.; Ye, L.; Piao, G. The Traditional Medicine and Modern Medicine from Natural Products. Molecules 2016, 21, 559.

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