Biological Activity of Vegetal Extracts Containing Phenols on Plant Metabolism
AbstractThe influence of vegetal extracts derived from red grape, blueberry fruits and hawthorn leaves on Zea mays L. plant growth and the activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), a key enzyme of the phenylpropanoid pathway, was investigated in laboratory experiments. The extracts were characterized using FT-IR and Raman spectroscopies in order to obtain a pattern of the main functional groups. In addition, phenols content was determined by HPLC, whereas the content of indoleacetic acid and isopentenyladenosine hormones was determined by ELISA test and the auxin and gibberellin-like activities by plant-bioassays. The treated maize revealed increased root and leaf biomass, chlorophyll and sugars content with respect to untreated plants. Hawthorn, red grape skin and blueberry at 1.0 mL/L induced high p-coumaric content values, whilst hawthorn also showed high amounts of gallic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids. PAL activity induced by hawthorn at 1.0 mL/L had the highest values (11.1-fold UNT) and was strongly and linearly related with the sum of leaf phenols. Our results suggest that these vegetal extracts contain more than one group of plant-promoting substances. View Full-Text
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Ertani, A.; Pizzeghello, D.; Francioso, O.; Tinti, A.; Nardi, S. Biological Activity of Vegetal Extracts Containing Phenols on Plant Metabolism. Molecules 2016, 21, 205.
Ertani A, Pizzeghello D, Francioso O, Tinti A, Nardi S. Biological Activity of Vegetal Extracts Containing Phenols on Plant Metabolism. Molecules. 2016; 21(2):205.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ertani, Andrea; Pizzeghello, Diego; Francioso, Ornella; Tinti, Anna; Nardi, Serenella. 2016. "Biological Activity of Vegetal Extracts Containing Phenols on Plant Metabolism." Molecules 21, no. 2: 205.
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