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Open AccessReview

Black Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum L.) Flavonoids and Their Health Promoting Activity

1
Institute for Teacher Training, Faculty of Central European Studies, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Drazovska 4, SK-949 74 Nitra, Slovakia
2
Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, CZ-760 01 Zlin, Czech Republic
3
Department of Viticulture and Enology, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Valticka 337, CZ-691 44 Lednice, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1685; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21121685
Received: 30 September 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flavonoids: From Structure to Health Issues)
Nowadays, much research attention is focused on underutilized berry crops due to the high antioxidant activity of fruits. Black crowberry (Empetrum nigrum L.) represents an important source of flavonols (quercetin, rutin, myricetin, naringenin, naringin, morin, and kaempferol) and anthocyanins. The fruit components could be utilised as natural colourants or as a part of functional foods and, because of the high antioxidant activity, the berries of black crowberry can be used in the treatment of diseases accompanied with inflammation, or as an effective antibacterial and antifungal remedy. Moreover, the reduction of lipid accumulation and total cholesterol as well as an improvement of postprandial hyperglycaemia have been proven. This review summarizes for the first time the main antioxidants (flavonoids) of black crowberry fruits, with a focus on their health promoting activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: flavonoids; polyphenols; phenolic acids; anthocyanins; antioxidant activity flavonoids; polyphenols; phenolic acids; anthocyanins; antioxidant activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Jurikova, T.; Mlcek, J.; Skrovankova, S.; Balla, S.; Sochor, J.; Baron, M.; Sumczynski, D. Black Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum L.) Flavonoids and Their Health Promoting Activity. Molecules 2016, 21, 1685.

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