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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Novel Aromatic Imide-Polyamine Conjugates

1
Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China
2
Pharmaceutical College, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
3
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
4
Key Laboratory of Natural Medicine and Immuno-Engineering, Kaifeng 475001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Derek J. McPhee and Bimal K. Banik
Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1637; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21121637
Received: 1 October 2016 / Revised: 17 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 30 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
Three types of conjugates in which aromatic imide scaffolds were coupled to diverse amine/polyamine motifs were synthesized, and their antitumor activities were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Results showed that the conjugate 11e of 1,8-naphthilimide with spermine had pronounced effects on inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and inducing tumor cell apoptosis via ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway. The in vivo assays on three H22 tumor transplant models revealed that compound 11e exerted potent ability in preventing lung cancer metastasis and extending lifespan. Furthermore, the efficacy of 11e in inhibiting tumor growth and improving body weight index were better than that of positive control, amonafide. Our study demonstrates that compound 11e is a valuable lead compound for further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: naphthalimide; polyamine; antitumor; synthesis; amonafide naphthalimide; polyamine; antitumor; synthesis; amonafide
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, M.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, J.; Xie, S.; Wang, C.; Wu, Y. Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Novel Aromatic Imide-Polyamine Conjugates. Molecules 2016, 21, 1637.

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