Optimized Extraction of Polysaccharides from Grateloupia livida (Harv.) Yamada and Biological Activities
AbstractPolysaccharides from Grateloupia livida (Harv.) Yamada (GL) were extracted by a heating circumfluence method. Single-factor experiments were performed for the three parameters: extraction time (X1), extraction temperature (X2) and the ratio of water to raw material (X3) and their test range. From preliminary experimental results, one type of the response surface methodology, the Box-Behnken design was applied for the optimizing polysaccharide extraction conditions. The experimental data obtained were fitted to a second-order polynomial equation. The optimal conditions were extraction time 5 h, extraction temperature 100 °C and ratio of water to raw material 70 mL/g. Under these conditions, the experimental yield was 39.22% ± 0.09%, which well matched the predicted value (39.25%), with 0.9774 coefficient of determination (R2). GL polysaccharides had scavenging activities for DPPH and hydroxyl radicals in vitro. The scavenging rates for both radicals peaked at 20 mg/mL GL concentration. However, the positive standard, VC (ascorbic acid), possessed stronger antioxidant activities than GL polysaccharides. Furthermore, the anticancer activity of GL polysaccharides on HepG2 cell proliferation increased dose- and time-dependently, but the positive standard, 5-fluorouracil (5-fu) showed more significant anticancer activity in this study. Overall, GL polysaccharides may have potential applications in the medical and food industries. View Full-Text
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Ye, D.; Jiang, Z.; Zheng, F.; Wang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Gao, F.; Chen, P.; Chen, Y.; Shi, G. Optimized Extraction of Polysaccharides from Grateloupia livida (Harv.) Yamada and Biological Activities. Molecules 2015, 20, 16817-16832.
Ye D, Jiang Z, Zheng F, Wang H, Zhang Y, Gao F, Chen P, Chen Y, Shi G. Optimized Extraction of Polysaccharides from Grateloupia livida (Harv.) Yamada and Biological Activities. Molecules. 2015; 20(9):16817-16832.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ye, Danyan; Jiang, Zebin; Zheng, Fuchun; Wang, Hongmei; Zhang, Yanmei; Gao, Fenfei; Chen, Peihong; Chen, Yicun; Shi, Ganggang. 2015. "Optimized Extraction of Polysaccharides from Grateloupia livida (Harv.) Yamada and Biological Activities." Molecules 20, no. 9: 16817-16832.