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Review

Green Chemistry Metrics with Special Reference to Green Analytical Chemistry

1
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), 11/12 G. Narutowicza St., Gdańsk 80-233, Poland
2
Geochemistry and the Environment Division, Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, 15G Świętokrzyska St., Kielce 25-406, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kei Saito
Molecules 2015, 20(6), 10928-10946; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200610928
Received: 25 April 2015 / Revised: 2 June 2015 / Accepted: 9 June 2015 / Published: 12 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontier in Green Chemistry Approaches)
The concept of green chemistry is widely recognized in chemical laboratories. To properly measure an environmental impact of chemical processes, dedicated assessment tools are required. This paper summarizes the current state of knowledge in the field of development of green chemistry and green analytical chemistry metrics. The diverse methods used for evaluation of the greenness of organic synthesis, such as eco-footprint, E-Factor, EATOS, and Eco-Scale are described. Both the well-established and recently developed green analytical chemistry metrics, including NEMI labeling and analytical Eco-scale, are presented. Additionally, this paper focuses on the possibility of the use of multivariate statistics in evaluation of environmental impact of analytical procedures. All the above metrics are compared and discussed in terms of their advantages and disadvantages. The current needs and future perspectives in green chemistry metrics are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: green chemistry metrics; green analytical chemistry metrics; environmental impact; E-Factor; atom economy; eco-footprint; Eco-Scale; EATOS green chemistry metrics; green analytical chemistry metrics; environmental impact; E-Factor; atom economy; eco-footprint; Eco-Scale; EATOS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tobiszewski, M.; Marć, M.; Gałuszka, A.; Namieśnik, J. Green Chemistry Metrics with Special Reference to Green Analytical Chemistry. Molecules 2015, 20, 10928-10946. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200610928

AMA Style

Tobiszewski M, Marć M, Gałuszka A, Namieśnik J. Green Chemistry Metrics with Special Reference to Green Analytical Chemistry. Molecules. 2015; 20(6):10928-10946. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200610928

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tobiszewski, Marek, Mariusz Marć, Agnieszka Gałuszka, and Jacek Namieśnik. 2015. "Green Chemistry Metrics with Special Reference to Green Analytical Chemistry" Molecules 20, no. 6: 10928-10946. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200610928

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