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Molecules 2015, 20(12), 22383-22394;

Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Fragrant Mexican Copal (Bursera spp.)

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Perugia, Via del Liceo, 1-06123 Perugia, Italy
Department of Biosphere 2, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luca Forti
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 9 December 2015 / Accepted: 9 December 2015 / Published: 12 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Recent Advances in Flavors and Fragrances)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1527 KB, uploaded 12 December 2015]   |  


Copal is the Spanish word used to describe aromatic resins from several genera of plants. Mexican copal derives from several Bursera spp., Protium copal, some Pinus spp. (e.g., P. pseudostrobus) and a few Fabaceae spp. It has been used for centuries as incense for religious ceremonies, as a food preservative, and as a treatment for several illnesses. The aim of this review is to analyze the chemical composition and biological activity of commercial Mexican Bursera copal. View Full-Text
Keywords: copal; Bursera; essential oil; terpenoids; resin; lignans copal; Bursera; essential oil; terpenoids; resin; lignans

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gigliarelli, G.; Becerra, J.X.; Curini, M.; Marcotullio, M.C. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Fragrant Mexican Copal (Bursera spp.). Molecules 2015, 20, 22383-22394.

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