Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of the Antinociceptive Activity and Acute Oral Toxicity of Standardized Ethanolic Extract of the Rhizome of Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb
Previous Article in Journal
Pharmacogenomic Identification of c-Myc/Max-Regulated Genes Associated with Cytotoxicity of Artesunate towards Human Colon, Ovarian and Lung Cancer Cell Lines
Open AccessArticle

Organic Extractives from Mentha spp. Honey and the Bee-Stomach: Methyl Syringate, Vomifoliol, Terpenediol I, Hotrienol and Other Compounds

1
Faculty of Chemistry and Technology, University of Split, N. Tesle 10/V, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Marko Marulić Polytechnic in Knin, P. Krešimira IV 30, 22300 Knin, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2010, 15(4), 2911-2924; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15042911
Received: 22 March 2010 / Revised: 13 April 2010 / Accepted: 20 April 2010 / Published: 22 April 2010
The GC and GC/MS analyses of the solvent organic extractive from the stomach of the bees, having collected Mentha spp. nectar, revealed the presence of methyl syringate (6.6%), terpendiol I (5.0%) and vomifoliol (3.0%) that can be attributed to the plant origin. Other major compounds from the bee-stomach were related to the composition of cuticular waxes and less to pheromones. Organic extractivesfrom Mentha spp. honey were obtained by solvent-free headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE) and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The major honey headspace compounds were hotrienol (31.1%–38.5%), 2-methoxy-4-methylphenol (0.5–6.0%), cis- and trans-linalool oxides (0.9–2.8%), linalool (1.0–3.1%) and neroloxide (0.9–1.9%). Methyl syringate was the most abundant compound (38.3-56.2%) in the honey solvent extractives followed by vomifoliol (7.0–26.6%). Comparison of the honey organic extractives with the corresponding bee-stomach extractive indicated that methyl syringate and vomofoliol were transferred to the honey while terpendiol I was partially transformed to hotrienol in ripened honey. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mentha spp. honey; bee-stomach; headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME); ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE); gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC and GC/MS) Mentha spp. honey; bee-stomach; headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME); ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE); gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC and GC/MS)
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jerković, I.; Hegić, G.; Marijanović, Z.; Bubalo, D. Organic Extractives from Mentha spp. Honey and the Bee-Stomach: Methyl Syringate, Vomifoliol, Terpenediol I, Hotrienol and Other Compounds. Molecules 2010, 15, 2911-2924.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop