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Article

Dissolution of Microcrystalline Cellulose in Phosphoric Acid—Molecular Changes and Kinetics

1
Department of Resources Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, China
2
Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, 1 Forestry Drive, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
3
College of Medicine and Life Science, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, 210009, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2009, 14(12), 5027-5041; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14125027
Received: 4 November 2009 / Revised: 23 November 2009 / Accepted: 30 November 2009 / Published: 4 December 2009
In this study, we aimed to dissolve microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) with phosphoric acid to obtain high-quality fermentable saccharides. MCC was directly dissolved in phosphoric acid (the concentration was 83%) for 10 hours at temperatures of 30, 50, and 70 °C. The structural changes of MCC were determined in detail with X-ray powder diffraction, solid-state cross-polarization magic angle spinning 13C-NMR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The kinetics of MCC decrystallization during treatment with phosphoric acid was also compared at 30, 50, and 70 °C. With the assumption of first order kinetics, the Arrhenius parameters of K, A0 and Ea were calculated. The rate constants of decrystallization reaction (K) were 0.06, 0.17, and 0.12 h-1 respectively. The pre-exponential factor (A0) was 1.2 × 106 h-1, and the activation energy (Ea) was 42.4 kJ/mol. View Full-Text
Keywords: kinetic; MCC; phosphoric acid; decrystallization; structural change kinetic; MCC; phosphoric acid; decrystallization; structural change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.; Zhang, J.; Lin, L.; Chen, T.; Zhang, J.; Liu, S.; Li, Z.; Ouyang, P. Dissolution of Microcrystalline Cellulose in Phosphoric Acid—Molecular Changes and Kinetics. Molecules 2009, 14, 5027-5041. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14125027

AMA Style

Zhang J, Zhang J, Lin L, Chen T, Zhang J, Liu S, Li Z, Ouyang P. Dissolution of Microcrystalline Cellulose in Phosphoric Acid—Molecular Changes and Kinetics. Molecules. 2009; 14(12):5027-5041. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14125027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Junhua, Jingqiang Zhang, Lu Lin, Tianming Chen, Jun Zhang, Shijie Liu, Zhenjiang Li, and Pingkai Ouyang. 2009. "Dissolution of Microcrystalline Cellulose in Phosphoric Acid—Molecular Changes and Kinetics" Molecules 14, no. 12: 5027-5041. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14125027

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